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A comparison of two types of scalders was conducted to determine their effectiveness in reducing bacterial contamination of poultry carcasses. A conventional hot-water scalder and a prototype model of a steam scalder were tested under commercial conditions. Total plate counts from steam-scalded birds were significantly lower than the counts of water-scalded(More)
Earlier studies have shown that excessive abdominal fat deposition in broilers can be overcome by feeding feather meal (FM) during the finishing period (7 or 14 days prior to slaughter). Studies were conducted to determine if the observed fat reduction in FM-fed birds was due to factors other than supplying excess protein. The FM was added at levels of 4,(More)
  • Neal Maroney, Aris Protopapadakis, +6 authors Paul Zak
  • 1999
The positive relation of returns with Book-to-Market ratio (BE/ME) and their negative relation with Market Value (MVE) remains strong under a general stochastic discount function (SDF) that does not depend on a specific asset pricing model and avoids potentially serious simultaneity biases inherent in the Fama and French three-factor model. However, we find(More)
Objectives To identify guidelines on when and how frequently bitewing radiographs should be used in dentistry for the diagnosis of caries, and to provide an objective appraisal of their quality.Data sources MEDLINE (OVID), US National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) and the Royal College of Surgeons of England(More)