Tom Leenhoven

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OBJECTIVE To determine the amount of occupational exposure to nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during NO inhalational therapy. DESIGN In a standard pediatric intensive care room, 800 ppm NO was delivered to a high-frequency oscillator and mixed with 100% O2 to obtain 20 ppm NO in the inspiratory gas flow. NO and NO2 concentrations in room air(More)
INTRODUCTION The ventilator and the endotracheal tube impose additional workload in mechanically ventilated patients breathing spontaneously. The total work of breathing (WOB) includes elastic and resistive work. In a bench test we assessed the imposed WOB using 3100 A/3100 B SensorMedics high-frequency oscillatory ventilators. METHODS A(More)
We hypothesized that during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), a reduction of peak-to-peak oscillatory pressure along the endotracheal tube is maximal when respiratory system compliance is maximal. We made a mathematical model of the endotracheal tube and the respiratory system of a neonate suffering from idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome(More)
To describe and validate a system for integrated measurement of ventilator settings and dependent physiological variables during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). A custom interface was built for data acquisition. Lung volume change was determined by respirator inductive plethysmography (RIP), modified to sampling rates of 140 Hz. Blood gas(More)
The aim of this clinical study was to determine whether Doppler ultrasound can be used in newborn infants to assess the adequacy of palmar collateral circulation. Retrograde flow in the radial artery, distal to the site of manual occlusion of the vessel, was studied by Doppler technique. Forty-seven newborn infants, who underwent percutaneous radial artery(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to determine the accuracy and precision of chemiluminescence and electrochemical nitric oxide (NO) measurements and accuracy of NO dosage with electronic mass flow controllers (MFC) versus rotameters during NO inhalational therapy. METHODS NO flow was delivered to a high frequency oscillator and mixed with(More)
A technique is described for accurate measurement of intraarterial pressure through radial artery catheters in neonates. The technique, which can be used for short-term monitoring, uses cannulation of the radial artery with a 24-gauge Teflon catheter, connected by a Luer-Lok fitting to a three-way stopcock and a high-fidelity tip transducer. In vitro(More)
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