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The breast cancer susceptibility protein BRCA2 controls the function of RAD51, a recombinase enzyme, in pathways for DNA repair by homologous recombination. We report here the structure of a complex between an evolutionarily conserved sequence in BRCA2 (the BRC repeat) and the RecA-homology domain of RAD51. The BRC repeat mimics a motif in RAD51 that serves(More)
BACKGROUND Macromolecular structures are modeled by conformational optimization within experimental and knowledge-based restraints. Discrete restraint-based sampling generates high-quality structures within these restraints and facilitates further refinement in a continuous all-atom energy landscape. This approach has been used successfully for protein loop(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a member of an expanding family of neurotrophic factors (including brain-derived neurotrophic factor and the neurotrophins) that control the development and survival of certain neuronal populations both in the peripheral and in the central nervous systems. Its biological effects are mediated by a high-affinity ligand-receptor(More)
The sheer volume of non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms that have been generated in recent years from projects such as the Human Genome Project, the HapMap Project and Genome-Wide Association Studies means that it is not possible to characterize all mutations experimentally on the gene products, i.e. elucidate the effects of mutations on protein(More)
Broken chromosomes arising from DNA double-strand breaks result from endogenous events such as the production of reactive oxygen species during cellular metabolism, as well as from exogenous sources such as ionizing radiation. Left unrepaired or incorrectly repaired they can lead to genomic changes that may result in cell death or cancer. DNA-dependent(More)
We describe a novel method to generate ensembles of conformations of the main-chain atoms [N, C(alpha), C, O, Cbeta] for a sequence of amino acids within the context of a fixed protein framework. Each conformation satisfies fundamental stereo-chemical restraints such as idealized geometry, favorable phi/psi angles, and excluded volume. The ensembles include(More)
Cancer genome and other sequencing initiatives are generating extensive data on non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in human and other genomes. In order to understand the impacts of nsSNPs on the structure and function of the proteome, as well as to guide protein engineering, accurate in silicomethodologies are required to study and(More)
Knowledge of the tertiary structure of the proteinase from human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 is important to the design of inhibitors that might possess antiviral activity and thus be useful in the treatment of AIDS. The conserved Asp-Thr/Ser-Gly sequence in retroviral proteinases suggests that they exist as dimers similar to the ancestor proposed for the(More)
This paper describes a rapid, automated procedure which can be used for model building sidechains using (i) spatial information from sidechains in topologically equivalent positions as far as such a correlation is observed, and then (ii) most probable conformations of the sidechains in the respective secondary structure type. Analysis of topologically(More)
summary: We describe an extension to the Homologous Structure Alignment Database (HOMSTRAD; Mizuguchi et al., Protein Sci., 7, 2469-2471, 1998a) to include homologous sequences derived from the protein families database Pfam (Bateman et al., Nucleic Acids Res., 28, 263-266, 2000). HOMSTRAD is integrated with the server FUGUE (Shi et al., submitted, 2001)(More)