Learn More
Retinoic acid (RA) plays a critical role in embryonic development, growth, and reproduction. RA is synthesized from retinoids via oxidation processes, and the oxidation of retinal to RA is catalyzed by the retinaldehyde dehydrogenases (RALDHs). We previously reported that RALDH1 mRNA was expressed in the anterior pituitary glands of adult rats and(More)
Folliculo-stellate (FS) cells in the anterior pituitary gland appear to possess multifunctional properties. Recently, the development of transgenic rats (S100b-green fluorescent protein (GFP) rats) that express GFP specifically in FS cells in the anterior pituitary gland has allowed us to distinguish and observe living FS cells in other kinds of pituitary(More)
Cadherins are a family of transmembrane glycoproteins that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion. A change in cadherin type in cells, i.e., cadherin switching, induces changes in the character of the cell. Recent studies of the developing rat adenohypophysis found that primordial cells co-expressed E- and N-cadherins, but that hormone-producing cells lost(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) plays a critical role in cell growth and tissue development and is also a regulatory factor of pituitary function. However, whether RA is generated in the pituitary gland and plays a role as a paracrine and/or autocrine factor is generally unknown. RA is synthesized from retinoids through oxidation processes. Dehydrogenases that catalyze(More)
Folliculostellate (FS) cells in the anterior pituitary gland are believed to have multifunctional properties. Using transgenic rats that express green fluorescent protein (GFP) specifically in FS cells in the anterior pituitary gland (S100b-GFP rats), we recently revealed that FS cells in primary culture exhibited marked proliferation in the presence of(More)
Recently, we showed that hormone-producing cells express N-cadherin, while folliculo-stellate cells and marginal layer cells express E-cadherin in the adult rat anterior pituitary gland. These cells are believed to originate from a single cell population of the adenohypophyseal placode. In the present study, we immunohistochemically examined the divergence(More)
Folliculo-stellate (FS) cells in the anterior pituitary gland are believed to have multifunctional properties. FS cells connect to each other not only by mechanical means, but also by gap junctional cell-to-cell communication. Using transgenic rats that express green fluorescent protein (GFP) specifically in FS cells in the anterior pituitary gland(More)
Folliculo-stellate (FS) cells in the anterior pituitary gland have been speculated to possess multifunctional properties. Because gap junctions (GJ) have been identified between FS cells, FS cells may be interconnected electrophysiologically by GJ and serve as signal transmission networks to modulate hormone release in the anterior pituitary gland. But(More)
Our previous studies indicated that hepatitis E virus (HEV) forms membrane-associated particles in the cytoplasm, most likely by budding into intracellular vesicles, and requires the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway to release virus particles, and the released HEV particles with a lipid membrane retain the trans-Golgi network protein 2 on their surface. To(More)
Classically, it has been widely accepted that epithelial hypophysis develops from the stomodeal ectoderm. This notion was based on purely morphological observation of normal specimens. Recently, evidence is being accumulated that indicates another lineage for the developmental origin of adenohypophysis. This minireview focuses on several series of(More)