Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen

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OBJECTIVES The prevalence of obesity is increasing. Overweight and obese people have increased mortality compared with normal weight people. We investigated the effect of weight change on mortality. DESIGN Prospective population study. SETTING We utilized data from two large population-based health studies conducted in 1984-86 and 1995-97 respectively.(More)
The hypothesis that birth weight is positively associated with adult risk of breast cancer implies that factors related to intrauterine growth may be important for the development of this malignancy. Using stored birth records from the two main hospitals in Trondheim and Bergen, Norway, we collected information on birth weight, birth length and placenta(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between deep abdominal muscle activation and long-term pain outcome in chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). METHODS Recruitment of transversus abdominis and obliquus internus abdominis during the abdominal drawing-in manoeuvre was recorded by B-mode ultrasound and anticipatory onset of deep abdominal muscle(More)
AIMS To investigate sex differences in the prevalence and extent of overweight and obesity in adolescents aged 14-18 years. METHODS Standardized measurements of height and weight were collected from surveys of adolescents in the same geographical area in 1966-69 (n = 8378) and in 1995-97 (n = 6673). The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were(More)
AIMS To assess mortality inequalities related to education, employment and marital status in older women, and whether educational and employment inequalities can be explained by biological, health behavioural or marital factors. METHODS Data, collected by questionnaires and medical examinations, on 5607 Norwegian women aged > or =70 participating in the(More)
OBJECTIVE While high body mass index is associated with an increased risk of depression and anxiety, cumulative evidence indicates that it is a protective factor for suicide. The associations from conventional observational studies of body mass index with mental health outcomes are likely to be influenced by reverse causality or confounding by ill-health.(More)
AIM As it is unclear, whether or not, urinary albumin excretion (UAE) differs between patients classified as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and other forms of diabetes, our study aimed to investigate the distribution of the albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) in LADA compared with those in the "classical" types 1 (T1D) and 2 (T2D) diabetes. (More)
BACKGROUND In asymptomatic populations, physical activity is inversely associated with the risk of cardiovascular death, but it is not known if physical activity compensates for adverse effects of multiple cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to assess if the positive association of a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) with(More)
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