Learn More
Two types of cannabinoid receptor have been discovered so far, CB(1) (2.1: CBD:1:CB1:), cloned in 1990, and CB(2) (2.1:CBD:2:CB2:), cloned in 1993. Distinction between these receptors is based on differences in their predicted amino acid sequence, signaling mechanisms, tissue distribution, and sensitivity to certain potent agonists and antagonists that show(More)
Marijuana and many of its constituent cannabinoids influence the central nervous system (CNS) in a complex and dose-dependent manner. Although CNS depression and analgesia are well documented effects of the cannabinoids, the mechanisms responsible for these and other cannabinoid-induced effects are not so far known. The hydrophobic nature of these(More)
Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC), the major psychoactive ingredient in preparations of Cannabis sativa (marijuana, hashish), elicits central nervous system (CNS) responses, including cognitive alterations and euphoria. These responses account for the abuse potential of cannabis, while other effects such as analgesia suggest potential medicinal(More)
A family of five cholinergic muscarinic receptor genes (m1, m2, m3, m4, and m5) has recently been identified and cloned. In order to investigate the pharmacological properties of the individual muscarinic receptors, we have transfected each of these genes into Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-K1) and have established stable cell lines expressing each(More)
A second isoform of the human vesicular monoamine transporter (hVMAT) has been cloned from a pheochromocytoma cDNA library. The contribution of the two transporter isoforms to monoamine storage in human neuroendocrine tissues was examined with isoform-specific polyclonal antibodies against hVMAT1 and hVMAT2. Central, peripheral, and enteric neurons express(More)
Cannabinoid receptor mRNA was localized in adult rat brain by 35S-tailed oligonucleotide probes and in situ hybridization histochemistry. Labelling is described as uniform or non-uniform depending on the relative intensities of individual cells expressing cannabinoid receptor mRNA within a given region or nucleus. Uniform labelling was found in the(More)
Cannabinoids, including the endogenous ligand arachidonyl ethanolamide (anandamide), elicit not only neurobehavioral but also cardiovascular effects. Two cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, have been cloned, and studies with the selective CB1 receptor antagonist SR141716A have implicated peripherally located CB1 receptors in the hypotensive action of(More)
NC-IUPHAR (International Union of Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification) and its subcommittees provide authoritative reports on the nomenclature and pharmacology of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that summarize their structure, pharmacology, and roles in physiology and pathology. These reports are published in(More)
Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), or glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide, is released from endocrine cells in the small intestine after meals. It is involved in several facets of the anabolic response and is thought to be particularly important in stimulating insulin secretion. We have cloned, functionally expressed, and mapped the distribution of(More)
Lys192 in the third transmembrane domain of the human CB1 cannabinoid receptor was converted to an alanine to study its role in receptor recognition and activation by agonists. HU-210, CP-55940, WIN55212-2, and anandamide, four cannabinoid agonists with distinct chemical structures, were used to characterize the wild-type and the mutant receptors. In human(More)