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It has been proposed that hypospadias, cryptorchidism and testicular cancer, as well as decreasing sperm quality are symptoms of an underlying entity called testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS). We wanted to study the risk factors for hypospadias and compare them with those of the other conditions belonging to TDS. A large case-control study was undertaken(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the risk of colorectal cancer after screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Population based screening in two areas in Norway-city of Oslo and Telemark county (urban and mixed urban and rural populations). PARTICIPANTS 55 736 men and women aged 55-64 years. INTERVENTION Once only(More)
Several polymorphisms of genes involved in one-carbon metabolism have been identified. The reported metabolic phenotypes are often based on small studies providing inconsistent results. This large-scale study of 10,601 population-based samples was carried out to investigate the association between a panel of biochemical parameters and genetics variants(More)
Although sufficient androgen receptor (AR) function is crucial for normal male sexual differentiation, single-point mutations in the AR gene are infrequent in the two most common male congenital malformations, hypospadias and cryptorchidism. Because polymorphic CAG and GGN segments regulate AR function, we investigated whether there was any association(More)
Folates are carriers of one-carbon units and are metabolized by 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and other enzymes that use riboflavin, cobalamin, or vitamin B6 as cofactors. These B vitamins are essential for the remethylation and transsulfuration of homocysteine, which is an important intermediate in one-carbon metabolism. We studied the(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) using guaiac based faecal occult blood tests (FOBT) has an estimated programme sensitivity of >60% but <30% for strictly asymptomatic CRC in a single screening round. In search for improved non-invasive tests for screening, we compared a test for faecal calprotectin (PhiCal) with a human haemoglobin(More)
A growing number of estrogen receptor beta (ER beta) splice variants are reported. Several of these have been discovered in testis, but with few exceptions little is known about their cellular localization. The aim of this study was to identify and elucidate the mRNA expression pattern of the different ER beta splice variants in human testicular cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Lifestyle is a well-established risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) and is also found to be associated with occurrence of adenomas. In the present study we evaluated risk factors for both low-risk adenomas and advanced neoplasia in asymptomatic individuals using a single-paged questionnaire. Aiming to see if the questionnaire was a useful(More)
The World Health Organization (WHO) laboratory manual (1992) states the normal values for pH in liquefied semen to be between 7.2 and 8.0. This implies an adjustment compared with the previous version (WHO, 1987) in which the upper limit was 7.8, whereas in the WHO clinical manual (1993) the normal range of values is still stated to be in the range of(More)
Since registration started in the 1950s, the incidence of testicular cancer (TC) in the Western world has increased, which is also the case in Norway. Men born in Norway during World War II (WWII), however, have a lower TC incidence than men born in the years before or after WWII. Increased fetal exposure to estrogen during the first trimester of pregnancy(More)