Tom Gallagher

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Spike (S) proteins, the defining projections of the enveloped coronaviruses (CoVs), mediate cell entry by connecting viruses to plasma membrane receptors and by catalyzing subsequent virus-cell membrane fusions. The latter membrane fusion requires an S protein conformational flexibility that is facilitated by proteolytic cleavages. We hypothesized that the(More)
In this era of continued emergence of zoonotic virus infections, the rapid development of rodent models represents a critical barrier to public health preparedness, including the testing of antivirus therapy and vaccines. The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was recently identified as the causative agent of a severe pneumonia. Given(More)
A microcystin (MC)-Sepharose column was prepared by addition of 2-aminoethanethiol to the alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl of the N-methyldehydroalanine residue of MC-LR, followed by reaction of the introduced amino group with N-hydroxysuccinimide-activated CH-Sepharose. The MC-Sepharose bound protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) with high capacity and purified(More)
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) genome encodes eight accessory proteins. Accessory protein 6 is a 63-residue amphipathic peptide that accelerates coronavirus infection kinetics in cell culture and in mice. Protein 6 is minimally bifunctional, with an N-terminal lipophilic part implicated in accelerating viral growth and a(More)
UNLABELLED Intercellular nanotube connections have been identified as an alternative pathway for cellular spreading of certain viruses. In cells infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), nanotubes were observed connecting two distant cells with contiguous membranes, with the core infectious viral machinery (viral RNA,(More)
BACKGROUND Post-operative delirium is an important and common complication of major abdominal surgery characterized by acute confusion with fluctuating consciousness. The aim of this study was to establish the incidence of post-operative delirium in patients undergoing a pancreaticoduodenectomy and to determine the risk factors for its development. (More)
UNLABELLED The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) recently spread from an animal reservoir to infect humans, causing sporadic severe and frequently fatal respiratory disease. Appropriate public health and control measures will require discovery of the zoonotic MERS coronavirus reservoirs. The relevant animal hosts are liable to be those(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, day-case laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) has became popular. Our study aims to evaluate the effect of patient factors and severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease measured by DeMeester score on the success of day-case LNF. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective case series review of patient demographics(More)
BACKGROUND The attainment of technical competence for surgical procedures is fundamental to a proficiency-based surgical training program. We hypothesized that aptitude may directly affect one's ability to successfully complete the learning curve for minimally invasive procedures. The aim was to assess whether aptitude has an impact on ability to achieve(More)