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The major cytochrome P450 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (ERG11), catalyzes an essential reaction in the biosynthesis of ergosterol, the predominant sterol of yeast. Protein levels of this cytochrome P450 are known to be affected by carbon source, oxygen, and heme, as well as the growth state of the culture. We have(More)
The effects of estrogen and estrogen agonists can be mediated by estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) and estrogen receptor beta (ER beta). We now report the identification and initial characterization of several novel isoforms of rat ER beta messenger RNA (mRNA). The most abundant of these mRNA variants we have called ER beta2. ER beta2 had an in-frame(More)
The identification of the precise structural features of yeast sterol molecules required for the essential "sparking" function has been a controversial area of research. Recent cloning and gene disruption studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have shown that C-24 methylation (ERG6), C-5 desaturation (ERG3) and delta 8-delta 7 isomerization (ERG2) are not(More)
The epidermis, our first line of defense from ultraviolet (UV) light, bears the majority of photodamage, which results in skin thinning, wrinkling, keratosis, and malignancy. Hypothesizing that skin has specific mechanisms to protect itself and the organism from UV damage, we used DNA arrays to follow UV-caused gene expression changes in epidermal(More)
We have isolated the gene for cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (14DM) from the yeast Candida tropicalis. This was accomplished by screening genomic libraries of strain ATCC750 in E. coli using a DNA fragment containing the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae 14DM gene. Identity of this gene was confirmed by a) observing a heme binding region(More)
Retinoids, natural and synthetic derivatives of vitamin A, are active in cancer therapy and chemoprevention. We reported previously that all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) treatment prevented carcinogen-induced transformation of immortalized human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells. To identify cancer chemopreventive mechanisms, immortalized (BEAS-2B),(More)
We have sequenced the structural gene and flanking regions for lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (14DM) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. An open reading frame of 530 codons encodes a 60.7-kDa protein. When this gene is disrupted by integrative transformation, the resulting strain requires ergosterol and, as expected, grows only in the absence of oxygen. The(More)
Retinoids, the natural and synthetic derivatives of vitamin A, have a role in cancer treatment and prevention. There is a need to reveal mechanisms that account for retinoid response or resistance. This study identified candidate all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) target genes linked to growth suppression in BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells. Microarray(More)
We report the nucleotide sequence of the gene and flanking DNA for the cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (14DM) from the yeast Candida tropicalis ATCC750. An open reading frame (ORF) of 528 codons encoding a 60.9-kD protein is identified. This ORF includes a characteristic heme-binding domain, HR2, common to all P450 proteins. This protein and(More)