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There is increased risk of early pregnancy loss after assisted reproduction. In this study the use of serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) concentrations on day 12 after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer was evaluated to predict pregnancy outcome. A total of 417 IVF pregnancies were included. Early pregnancy loss was defined as(More)
Between 2.1% and 4.2% of all children born in Scandinavian countries are conceived with the help of assisted reproductive technology. The present study is one of the first to have followed up infertile women over a long period. Data on outcomes, satisfaction and the perceived consequences of IVF treatment were collected by means of a questionnaire among a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of advanced maternal age (AMA) separately in nulliparous and multiparous women on obstetric and perinatal outcomes in singleton gestations. STUDY DESIGN A historical cohort study on data from 6,619 singleton pregnancies between 2004 and May 2007 was performed. AMA was defined as 35 years and older. Obstetric and(More)
BACKGROUND Down-regulation with GnRH agonist has been suggested to result in a profound suppression of LH bioactivity, reduced estradiol synthesis, and thus impaired IVF and pregnancy outcome. The aims of this study were: (i) to assess the usefulness of serum LH measurement on stimulation day 1 as a predictor of ovarian response, conception and pregnancy(More)
OBJECTIVE To re-evaluate previously published findings from an uncontrolled before-after evaluation of an intervention programme to reduce the incidence of anal sphincter tears. A key component of the programme was the use of a hands-on technique where the birth attendant presses the neonate's head during the final stage of delivery while simultaneously(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal age at delivery and cesarean section rates are increasing. In older women, the decision on delivery mode may be influenced by a reported increased risk of surgical interventions during labor and complications with increasing maternal age. We examined the association between maternal age and adverse outcomes in low-risk primiparous women,(More)
We aimed to examine whether a whole-grain crispbread (CB) low-fructose, low-calorie diet (LCD) might be superior to a traditional LCD based on fructose-rich liquid meal replacements (LMRs) with respect to improvement of various cardiometabolic risk factors and reproductive hormones. Parallel-group randomised controlled clinical trial. Morbidly obese women(More)
BACKGROUND Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has been widely accepted as an option for fertility preservation among cancer patients. Some patients are exposed to chemotherapy prior to ovarian tissue cryopreservation. Consequently, assessment of the developmental capacity of human ovarian tissue after chemotherapy is of primary importance. MATERIALS In(More)
BACKGROUND The most common genetic variant of luteinizing hormone (LH), variant-betaLH, has a different bioactivity than the wildtype. Carrying the variant allele was associated with an increased consumption of exogenous gonadotropin to achieve optimal ovarian response for in vitro fertilization procedures (IVF). The aim of this study was to examine if(More)
The early decline and loss of female fertility in humans and other species represents an evolutionary paradox. Despite being born with a vast stock of oocytes, females encounter an exhaustion of ovarian reserve and sterility half way through their natural lives. Female reproductive ageing has been proposed to proceed as an ongoing decline in ovarian(More)