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The placenta protects the fetus from the mother's immune system. We have previously found that fetal membrane cells (FMCs) isolated from term placenta prevent alloreactivity in vitro. FMCs share many features with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), which we previously introduced to treat severe acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).(More)
Reduced-intensity conditioning/nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens are increasingly used in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Reports have shown CD34(+) dose to be important for transplantation outcome using myeloablative conditioning. The role of CD34(+) dose of peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) has not been previously analyzed(More)
Acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a severe adverse event after stem cell transplantation. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) have been used to treat GvHD, but decidual stromal cells (DSCs) isolated from term fetal membrane have advantages compared with BM-MSCs, including increased allosuppression, unlimited supply, and high(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) have immunosuppressive properties and have been used to treat steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in stem cell transplant patients. Cells with similar capacities can also be found in term placental tissue. We have isolated stromal cells from term fetal membrane (FMSCs), umbilical(More)
BACKGROUND To our knowledge, no randomized toxicity studies have been conducted to compare myeloablative conditioning (MAC) and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS Adult patients ≤60 years of age with myeloid leukaemia were randomly assigned (1 : 1) to treatment with RIC (n = 18) or(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have immunomodulatory effects and are increasingly being used for the treatment of acute and chronic GVHD. Although they seem immuno-privileged, they induce alloresponses, but the risk of immunization is poorly characterized. After infusion, they first reach the lungs, liver and spleen, and are then difficult to trace.(More)
The use of microfluidic devices and magnetic beads for applications in biotechnology has been extensively explored over the past decade. Many elaborate microfluidic chips have been used in efficient systems for biological assays. However most fail to achieve the ideal point of care (POC) status, as they require larger conventional external devices in(More)
Decidual stromal cells (DSCs) isolated from fetal membranes of term placentas are easily expanded and are highly immunosuppressive in vitro. These cells express high levels of integrins that are of importance in homing to inflamed tissues. In this study, we investigated DSCs as a cellular therapy for chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD), a severe(More)
Allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are widely used in regenerative medicine, but little is known about their immunogenicity. In this study, we monitored the therapeutic and immunogenic effects of decidual stromal cells (DSCs) from term placentas when used as a therapy for generalized severe junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) (previously termed(More)
Cellular therapies based on permanent genetic modification of conventional T cells have emerged as a promising strategy for cancer. However, it remains unknown if modification of T cell subsets, such as Tregs, could be useful in other settings, such as allograft transplantation. Here, we use a modular system based on a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) that(More)