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Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMP) have gained renewed interest in recent years and they might become a potential solution for the world's most challenging problems of water and energy scarcity. Though the concept of utilizing osmotic pressure difference between high and low salinity streams across semipermeable membranes has been explored for(More)
BACKGROUND To assess acute (primary endpoint) and late toxicity, quality of life (QOL), biochemical or clinical failure (secondary endpoints) of a hypofractionated IMRT schedule for prostate cancer (PC). METHODS 38 men with localized PC received 66 Gy (2.64 Gy) to prostate,2 Gy to seminal vesicles (50 Gy total) using IMRT.Acute toxicity was evaluated(More)
The limited ability to control for a tumour's location compromises the accuracy with which radiation can be delivered to tumour-bearing tissue. The resultant requirement for larger treatment volumes to accommodate target uncertainty restricts the radiation dose because more surrounding normal tissue is exposed. With image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT),(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is a step forward in comparison to conventional, static beam delivery, quality assurance is more complex and labour intensive, demanding detailed two-dimensional dosimetric verification. Regardless of the technique used for measuring the dose distribution, what is essential to the(More)
PURPOSE VERO is a novel platform for image guided stereotactic body radiotherapy. Orthogonal gimbals hold the linac-MLC assembly allowing real-time moving tumor tracking. This study determines the geometric accuracy of the tracking. MATERIALS AND METHODS To determine the tracking error, an 1D moving phantom produced sinusoidal motion with frequencies up(More)
The Vero SBRT system was benchmarked in a planning study against the Novalis SRS system for quality of delivered dose distributions to intracranial lesions and assessing the Vero system's capacity for SRS. A total of 27 patients with one brain lesion treated on the Novalis system, with 3 mm leaf width MLC and C-arm gantry, were replanned for Vero, with a 5(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In parallel with the increased use of intensity modulated radiation treatment (IMRT) fields in radiation therapy, flat panel amorphous silicon (aSi) detectors are becoming the standard for online portal imaging at the linear accelerator. In order to minimise the workload related to the quality assurance of the IMRT fields, we have(More)
PURPOSE To report on the first clinical application of a real-time tumor tracking (RTTT) solution based on the Vero SBRT gimbaled linac system for treatment of moving tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS A first group of 10 SBRT patients diagnosed with NSCLC or oligometastatic disease in lung or liver was treated with the RTTT technique. The PTV volumes and OAR(More)
This paper reports on an evaluation of 5 RapidArc optimization approaches vs IMRT. This study includes 11 patients with adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Rectal Normal Tissue Complication Probability is used as a constraint in a dose escalation. RapidArc rectal NTCP's are lower than those of IMRT (p = 0.007). This allows a mean dose escalation of 2.1 Gy([0.7(More)
PURPOSE To have an initial assessment of the Vero Dynamic Tracking workflow in clinical circumstances and quantify the performance of the tracking system, a simulation study was set up on 5 lung and liver patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS The preparatory steps of a tumor tracking treatment, based on fiducial markers implanted in the tumor, were executed(More)