Tom De Winter

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The Ghanaian cocoa bean heap fermentation process was studied through a multiphasic approach, encompassing both microbiological and metabolite target analyses. A culture-dependent (plating and incubation, followed by repetitive-sequence-based PCR analyses of picked-up colonies) and culture-independent (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis [DGGE] of 16S(More)
The influence of turning and environmental contamination on six spontaneous cocoa bean heap fermentations performed in Ghana was studied through a multiphasic approach, encompassing both microbiological (culture-dependent and culture-independent techniques) and metabolite target analyses. A sensory analysis of chocolate made from the fermented, dried beans(More)
The effects of systemic administration of the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) 5-HT1A receptor agonists flesinoxan and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin on extracellular 5-HT were measured using microdialysis probes in both median raphe nucleus and dorsal hippocampus. Both 5-HT1A agonists dose-dependently decreased dialysate 5-HT levels from both brain(More)
Twenty-three acetic acid bacteria, isolated from traditional heap fermentations of Ghanaian cocoa beans, were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The isolates were catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, Gram-negative rods. They oxidized ethanol to acetic acid and were unable to produce 2-ketogluconic acid, 5-ketogluconic acid and 2,5-diketogluconic(More)
The effects of sugars relevant for sourdough fermentation (i.e. glucose, fructose, maltose, and sucrose) on the kinetics of the bacteriocin-producing Lactobacillus amylovorus DCE 471 strain were assessed. The sugars were applied solely or in combination in a sourdough simulation medium during batch fermentations at temperature and pH conditions encountered(More)
The biokinetics of cell growth and bacteriocin production of Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 406 was studied as a function of temperature (20-45 degrees C) and pH (5.5-8.5) using de Man-Rogosa-Sharpe medium. Growth of E. faecium FAIR-E 406 was characterized by three successive growth phases and was modelled with the mechanistic nutrient depletion model.(More)
Amplification of repetitive bacterial DNA elements through the polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR fingerprinting) using the (GTG)(5) primer, referred to as (GTG)(5)-PCR fingerprinting, was found a promising genotypic tool for rapid and reliable speciation of acetic acid bacteria (AAB). The method was evaluated with 64 AAB reference strains, including 31(More)
gamma 2-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (gamma 2-MSH) and related melanotropins have been shown to have various cardiovascular effects, including acute, short-lasting increases in blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). gamma 2-MSH, administered intravenously, dose-dependently increased MAP and HR with an ED50 of approximately 30 nmol/kg and a maximal(More)
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