Tom D Clarnette

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PURPOSE Little information is known about the natural history of closure of the processus vaginalis. The authors studied children who had ventriculoperitoneal shunts to determine the natural history of closure of the processus vaginalis and to better understand the role of intraabdominal pressure in the etiology of congenital inguinal hernia. MATERIALS(More)
A systematic examination of the conditions characterized by the presence of genital anomalies in humans, noting in each condition the position of the gonad, the nature of the gubernaculum and cranial suspensory ligament can provide valuable information regarding the mechanisms controlling the final position of the gonads. In conditions where MIS is absent,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Esophageal atresia (EA) is the most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus. There are few long-term follow-up data on adults who had surgery for EA as infants. The primary aims were to evaluate the prevalence of esophageal symptoms and pathology and second to develop recommendations for follow-up. METHODS This is a descriptive study(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis remains a serious condition in very low birth weight infants, particularly in those infants who require surgery. Perioperative hemorrhage is a potentially fatal complication in this population. We describe our experience in 4 premature infants with necrotizing enterocolitis who received recombinant factor VIIa to manage(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of retrograde balloon dilatation for primary pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) stenosis (RBDP) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixteen children (12 boys, four girls; mean age 29 months) with primary PUJ stenosis initially underwent RBDP. A double-pigtail catheter was left in the ureter for 6 weeks to provide drainage. The(More)
PURPOSE Recently evidence has been accumulating that some undescended testes present later in childhood after apparent normalcy in infancy. These ascending testes appear to explain why a significant number of orchiopexies are performed later in childhood despite the recommendation that surgery for cryptorchidism be performed in infancy. We aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the gubernaculum in descent of the testis is controversial. The mechanism of testicular descent has been studied in the rat, because inguino-scrotal descent occurs postnatally in this species. Several authors have claimed that the cremasteric sac forms by eversion of the gubernacular cone, whereby regression of the extra-abdominal(More)
BACKGROUND Testicular or paratesticular tumours in children are rare, making it difficult to achieve the best management for these life-threatening diseases. The aim of this study is to review patients during a 30-year period with these tumours and assess clinical aspects to improve management. METHODS The records of 68 patients from 1967 to 1996 were(More)
The genitofemoral nerve (GFN) hypothesis for inguinoscrotal testicular descent proposes that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), released from the genitofemoral nerve, controls the migration of the gubernaculum from the inguinal region to the scrotum between 26 and 40 weeks of gestation. The processus vaginalis provides a channel through which the(More)