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PURPOSE Little information is known about the natural history of closure of the processus vaginalis. The authors studied children who had ventriculoperitoneal shunts to determine the natural history of closure of the processus vaginalis and to better understand the role of intraabdominal pressure in the etiology of congenital inguinal hernia. MATERIALS(More)
A systematic examination of the conditions characterized by the presence of genital anomalies in humans, noting in each condition the position of the gonad, the nature of the gubernaculum and cranial suspensory ligament can provide valuable information regarding the mechanisms controlling the final position of the gonads. In conditions where MIS is absent,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Esophageal atresia (EA) is the most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus. There are few long-term follow-up data on adults who had surgery for EA as infants. The primary aims were to evaluate the prevalence of esophageal symptoms and pathology and second to develop recommendations for follow-up. METHODS This is a descriptive study(More)
The processus vaginalis (PV) forms as a peritoneal diverticulum within the gubernaculum testis to allow the testis to exit from the abdominal cavity. Failure of its closure leads to inguinal hernias and hydroceles. Ascending testis, which is likely to be an acquired form of undescended testis, may also be part of the spectrum of failure of regression of the(More)
PURPOSE Recently evidence has been accumulating that some undescended testes present later in childhood after apparent normalcy in infancy. These ascending testes appear to explain why a significant number of orchiopexies are performed later in childhood despite the recommendation that surgery for cryptorchidism be performed in infancy. We aimed to(More)
The processus vaginalis (PV) is a peritoneal diverticulum which forms to allow descent of the fetal testis to the scrotum. During human development fusion and obliteration of the PV often fails to occur with the result that inguinal hernias are the most prevalent congenital abnormality requiring surgery in childhood. Androgen is proposed to regulate(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the gubernaculum in descent of the testis is controversial. The mechanism of testicular descent has been studied in the rat, because inguino-scrotal descent occurs postnatally in this species. Several authors have claimed that the cremasteric sac forms by eversion of the gubernacular cone, whereby regression of the extra-abdominal(More)
AIM To analyse the characteristics of patients with choledochal cysts presenting with acute pancreatitis. METHODS Multicenter retrospective review of all paediatric patients (<18 years) with choledochal cysts managed over a 14-year period (2001-2014) at two tertiary paediatric surgical centres. Patient data were analysed for demographics, presentation,(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis remains a serious condition in very low birth weight infants, particularly in those infants who require surgery. Perioperative hemorrhage is a potentially fatal complication in this population. We describe our experience in 4 premature infants with necrotizing enterocolitis who received recombinant factor VIIa to manage(More)
A previously well 2-year-old girl presented with acute respiratory distress. After multiple investigations she was diagnosed with spontaneous chylothorax, attributed to strenuous vomiting. To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of spontaneous chylothorax occurring after the neonatal period.