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The Centre for Market and Public Organisation (CMPO) is a leading research centre, combining expertise in economics, geography and law. Our objective is to study the intersection between the public and private sectors of the economy, and in particular to understand the right way to organise and deliver public services. The Centre aims to develop research,(More)
There is circumstantial evidence implicating hypoglycaemia in the sudden overnight death of young patients with insulin-dependent (Type 1) diabetes mellitus (IDDM), the mechanism of which is unknown. We have investigated the effects of hypoglycaemia on the electrocardiogram in 15 patients with diabetes (8 with IDDM and 7 with NIDDM) using a high resolution(More)
Orifice areas calculated by the continuity and Gorlin equations have been shown to correlate well in vivo. The continuity equation, however, gives underestimates compared with the Gorlin formula and it is not clear which is the more accurate. Both equations have therefore been tested against maximal orifice area measured by planimetry in eight prepared(More)
Because aortic stenosis results in the loss of left ventricular stroke work (due to resistance to flow through the valve and turbulence in the aorta), the percentage of stroke work that is lost may reflect the severity of stenosis. This index can be calculated from pressure data alone. The relation between percent stroke work loss and anatomic aortic valve(More)
Although both physical fitness and aspects of cognitive functioning are known to be poorer among older people, there is conflicting evidence about the interaction between age and fitness. Is greater age more strongly associated with impaired cognition among less fit people than it is among more fit people? In a sample of employed men aged 17-63 years, it is(More)
This paper describes a microcomputer controlled pump which generates pulsatile flows similar to those found in the human peripheral circulation. Continuous wave Doppler ultrasound was used to investigate the flows generated by the pump and the behaviour of diagnostic indices derived from the spectra was examined. Sonograms were recorded from elastic and(More)
Although the causes and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are still unclear, a recent extensive review has indicated a number of possible aetiological factors. Previous investigations, employing gait measurements, have indicated asymmetries in the ground reaction forces and suggest a relationship between these asymmetries, neurological(More)
Diabetic neuropathic ulcers typically occur at high pressure sites. Microvascular blood flow has been assessed on the plantar surface of the foot in three matched groups each of 12 subjects free from macrovascular disease: (a) patients with diabetic neuropathy with abnormal foot pressures and previous neuropathic ulceration; (b) non-neuropathic diabetic(More)
This study represents a preliminary investigation into the use of laser Doppler flowmetry in lower limb vascular diagnosis. The method is compared with the accepted method of continuous wave Doppler ultrasound. Fifty-six patients with symptoms of lower limb vascular disease were investigated consecutively and independently using both techniques. In(More)