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This study reports the results of a battery of physical function tests used to assess physical function of older patients with clinical knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA), and the correlation to the WOMAC Index (disease-specific questionnaire). A total of 106 sedentary subjects, aged >60 years (mean 69.4, S.D. 5.9) with hip and/or knee OA (mean 12.2 yrs,(More)
Although both physical fitness and aspects of cognitive functioning are known to be poorer among older people, there is conflicting evidence about the interaction between age and fitness. Is greater age more strongly associated with impaired cognition among less fit people than it is among more fit people? In a sample of employed men aged 17-63 years, it is(More)
This study was devised to develop a simple computerised method for measuring and quantifying the magnitude of spinal curvatures. A digitally scanned antero-posterior radiographic image was used. The vertebral column was defined as a line that can be subdivided into a number of segments, rather than into the exact number of vertebrae. The technique developed(More)
To study emotional reactions to music, it is important to consider the temporal dynamics of both affective responses and underlying brain activity. Here, we investigated emotions induced by music using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a data-driven approach based on intersubject correlations (ISC). This method allowed us to identify moments(More)
Although the causes and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are still unclear, a recent extensive review has indicated a number of possible aetiological factors. Previous investigations, employing gait measurements, have indicated asymmetries in the ground reaction forces and suggest a relationship between these asymmetries, neurological(More)
Although various factors have been attributed to the etiology of idiopathic scoliosis, studies have indicated that the kinematic differences in the spine, pelvis and lower limb may contribute to the causation and progression of idiopathic scoliosis. The aim of this investigation was to identify asymmetries in lower limb kinematics and pelvic and back(More)
Knee flexor strength recovery following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with the doubled semitendinosus and gracilis tendons was assessed for up to 12 months post-surgery. Twelve patients were followed up, four at 3 months, five at 6 months and three at 12 months post-surgery. Knee flexor moment was recorded using the Biodex System-3 isokinetic(More)
The importance of trunk movement in human gait has been established by many studies. However, these investigations have examined trunk/pelvis motion or the pelvic/thoracic motion in isolation to lower limb kinematics. Studies quantifying spinal deformities and the range of spinal and trunkal movement have concentrated on spinal/back movement, with the(More)
Various investigations into anatomical landmarks that could be employed in spine and back surface measurement have highlighted the usefulness of the spinous processes of the vertebra and the posterior superior iliac spines of the pelvis. Earlier studies used an opto-electronic gait analysis system to examine the motion of skin markers and compared results(More)