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Recent synchronizer metastability measurements indicate degradation of MTBF with technology scaling, calling for measurement and calibration circuits in 65nm and below. Degradation of parameters can be even worse if the system is operated at extreme supply voltages and temperature conditions. In this work we study the behavior of synchronizers in a broad(More)
— Synchronizers are used to mitigate the effects of metastability in multiple clock domain System-on-Chip devices. In order to enable reliable synchronization, the synchronizer MTBF (Mean Time Between Failures) should be much longer than the product lifetime. To achieve such high margins, multistage synchronizers are used. Several simulation methods have(More)
This report describes the design and implementation of a gigabit ATM switching system supporting link rates from 150 Mb/s to 2.4 Gb/s, with a uniquely eecient multicast switch architecture that enables the construction of systems with essentially constant per port costs for conngurations ranging from 8 to 4096 ports and system capacities approaching 10(More)
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