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1. Whole-cell membrane current recordings under voltage clamp were made at room temperature from dispersed single cells of longitudinal smooth muscle of rabbit jejunum and dispersed single smooth muscle cells of rabbit ear artery using patch pipettes containing up to 10 mM-EGTA Ca buffer. 2. Spontaneous transient outward currents (s.t.o.c.s) up to 250 pA in(More)
Single-channel studies were made using the patch-clamp technique of K channels in dispersed single smooth muscle cells from rabbit longitudinal jejunal muscle and guinea-pig small (less than 0.2 mm o.d.) mesenteric arteries. In isolated inside-out patches from these two types of smooth muscle cell there was a population of K channels which had(More)
1. Electrical events and intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) imaged using fluo-3 and laser scanning confocal microscopy were simultaneously monitored in single smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from guinea-pig vas deferens or urinary bladder. 2. Images obtained every 8 ms, during stepping from -60 to 0 or +10 mV for 50 ms under voltage clamp,(More)
In longitudinal muscle of guinea-pig ileum, activation of muscarinic receptors causes contraction antagonised by M3 receptor subtype antagonists despite a preponderance of M2 receptor subtype binding sites. Experiments on single smooth muscle cells under voltage-clamp described here show that the cationic current evoked by carbachol which normally causes(More)
1. Single smooth muscle cells were isolated freshly from the rabbit portal vein and membrane currents were recorded by the whole-cell or excised patch configurations of the patch-clamp technique at room temperature. 2. Cromakalim (Ckm, 10 microM) induced a potassium current (ICkm) that showed no pronounced voltage-dependence and had low current noise. 3.(More)
The main contributors to increases in [Ca2+]i and tension are the entry of Ca2+ through voltage-dependent channels opened by depolarization or during action potential (AP) or slow-wave discharge, and Ca2+ release from store sites in the cell by the action of IP3 or by Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-release (CICR). The entry of Ca2+ during an AP triggers CICR from up(More)
1. Whole-cell and inside-out patch recordings were made from single smooth muscle cells that had been isolated enzymatically and mechanically from the rabbit portal vein. 2. In whole-cells the inclusion in the recording pipette solution of nucleotide diphosphates (NDPs), but not tri- or monophosphates, induced a K-current that developed gradually over 5 to(More)
1. Ion-sensitive electrodes (made with a chloride-sensitive ion-exchange resin) were used to measure the internal chloride activity (a(i) (Cl)) of frog sartorius fibres at 25 degrees C.2. The internal pH (pH(i)) of other sartorius fibres was measured with a recessed tip pH-sensitive electrode (made with pH-sensitive glass).3. In normal bicarbonate-free(More)
1. The action of carbachol, which activates muscarinic receptors, was studied in single patch-clamped cells where free internal calcium concentration in the cell (Cai2+) was estimated using the emission from the dye Indo-1. Cells were dialysed with potassium-free caesium solution to block any Ca(2+)-activated K(+)-current. 2. Carbachol applied to the cell(More)