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This whitepaper proposes OpenFlow: a way for researchers to run experimental protocols in the networks they use every day. OpenFlow is based on an Ethernet switch, with an internal flow-table, and a standardized interface to add and remove flow entries. Our goal is to encourage networking vendors to add OpenFlow to their switch products for deployment in(More)
Despite its obvious success, robustness, and scalability, the Internet suffers from a number of end-to-end performance and availability problems. In this paper, we attempt to quantify the Internet' s inefficiencies and then we argue that Internet behavior can be improved by spreading intelligent routers at key access and interchange points to actively(More)
Current distributed routing paradigms (such as link-state, distance-vector, and path-vector) involve a convergence process consisting of an iterative exploration of intermediate routes triggered by certain events such as link failures. The convergence process increases router load, introduces outages and transient loops, and slows reaction to failures. We(More)
Cloud computing is rapidly increasing in popularity. Companies such as RedHat, Microsoft, Amazon, Google, and IBM are increasingly funding cloud computing infrastructure and research, making it important for students to gain the necessary skills to work with cloud-based resources. This paper presents a free, educational research platform called Seattle that(More)
In order to assess the effectiveness of software fault tolerance techniques for enhancing the reliability of practical systems, a major experimental project has been conducted at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Techniques were developed for, and applied to, a realistic implementation of a real-time system (a naval command and control system).(More)
Pervasive computing provides an attractive vision for the future of computing. Computational power will be available everywhere. Mobile and stationary devices will dynamically connect and coordinate to seamlessly help users in accomplishing their tasks. However, for this vision to become a reality, developers must build applications that constantly adapt to(More)
The NEBULA Future Internet Architecture (FIA) project is focused on a future network that enables the vision of cloud computing [8,12] to be realized. With computation and storage moving to data centers, networking to these data centers must be several orders of magnitude more resilient for some applications to trust cloud computing and enable their move to(More)
Effective load-balancing systems for services hosted in unstructured networks need to take into account both the congestion of the network and the load on the servers. In this whitepaper, we propose a comprehensive load-balancing solution that works well for such networks. The system we propose, called Aster*x, tries to minimize response time by controlling(More)
Twenty-five patients with refractory, metastatic carcinoma of the breast were treated with continuous ambulatory 5-fluorouracil (5 FU) infusion (200 to 300 mg/m2/day) through a chronic indwelling central venous catheter. All patients had had extensive previous treatment, including hormonal therapy in 20/25 patients (80%), radiation therapy in 18/25 patients(More)