Tom A. Short

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Our knowledge of the genetic factors affecting obesity is increasing, but information about the individual gene effects remains limited in humans as well as in animal models. The melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R) has been implicated in the regulation of feeding behavior and body weight in humans and mice. We have studied MC4R as a candidate gene for the(More)
As pork production becomes more integrated, small to moderate gains in litter size can mean large returns in overall efficiency. Traditionally, pig geneticists have used the methods of crossbreeding and selection to make improvements in litter size (Rothschild 1996). However, identification of individual genes influencing litter size followed by(More)
Arc flash is an important consideration for personnel safety. This paper shows test results for overhead arc flash scenarios and arc flash in a padmounted switch. Both scenarios result in more incident energy than expected. For overhead arc scenarios, longer arc lengths are considered when analyzing arc flash. For the padmounted switch, an equation is(More)
With the advent of deregulation, distributed generation will play an increasing role in electric distribution systems. Various new types of Distributed Generation (DG), such as micro-turbines and fuel cells, are now being developed in addition to the more traditional solar and wind power. A common belief among developers is that DR will improve power(More)
A test program was completed to measure arc-flash incident energy from actual 480-V utility equipment to determine the most appropriate flame resistant clothing for utility workers. The equipment tested included self-contained and current transformer-rated meters, pad-mounted transformer secondary cubicles, power panels, and network protectors. Testing was(More)
  • T. A. Short
  • IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
  • 2011
Arc flash is an important consideration for personnel safety. This paper explores available ways to evaluate arc-flash severity for primary distribution systems, both in equipment and open air. Results from staged tests and from utility monitoring data suggest the need to use longer arc lengths than normal as input into open-air arc-flash calculations.(More)
This paper presents an analysis based on recent Electric Power Research Institute research in which a comparison is made between the “loss factor” calculated directly from annual simulations and a loss factor estimated variously from established equations and published papers and articles. The analysis provides new insights into the use of(More)
A randomized trial of 265 consenting students was conducted within an introductory biostatistics course: 69 received eight small group cooperative learning sessions; 97 accessed internet learning sessions; 96 received no intervention. Effect on examination score (95% CI) was assessed by intent-to-treat analysis and by incorporating reported participation.(More)
Arc flash on distribution circuits is a safety issue that can impact work practices for line and substation workers. This paper shows test results for arc flash events in medium-voltage switchgear cubicles and live-front transformer enclosures. Both scenarios can result in more incident energy than the prediction of the IEEE 1584-2002. Much higher than(More)
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