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Nuclear DNA contents for 104 Macaronesian angiosperms, with particular attention on Canary Islands endemics, were analysed using propidium iodide flow cytometry. Prime estimates for more than one-sixth of the whole Canarian endemic flora (including representatives of 11 endemic genera) were obtained. The resulting 1C DNA values ranged from 0.19 to 7.21 pg(More)
Genome sizes for 127 Macaronesian endemic angiosperms from 69 genera and 32 families were estimated using propidium iodide flow cytometry. Only about 30-fold variation in 1C-values was found, ranging from 0.32 pg in Echium bonnetii to 9.52 pg in Scilla dasyantha. Taxa with very small DNA amounts (1C ≤ 1.4 pg) were the most dominant group (71.7%), whereas(More)
Woody plants growing in seasonal climates normally form one growth ring each year. However, under severe stress conditions they may not complete annual wood production all the way down to the root collar resulting in continuously missing outer rings at lower stem sections (CMORs). Here we test whether CMORs occur at different distributional margins of woody(More)
Tree ring-based temperature reconstructions form the scientific backbone of the current global change debate. Although some European records extend into medieval times, high-resolution, long-term, regional-scale paleoclimatic evidence is missing for the eastern part of the continent. Here we compile 545 samples of living trees and historical timbers from(More)
Climate model projections suggest widespread drying in the Mediterranean Basin and wetting in Fennoscandia in the coming decades largely as a consequence of greenhouse gas forcing of climate. To place these and other "Old World" climate projections into historical perspective based on more complete estimates of natural hydroclimatic variability, we have(More)
The absence of larch budmoth outbreaks and subsequent consequences on tree rings together with a distinct climate–growth relationship enhance the dendroclimatic potential of larch ring width data from the Tatra Mountains. Regular population oscillations are generally considered to arise from trophic interactions, though it is unclear how such cycles are(More)
Major demographic processes in Spartocytisus supranubius, an endemic shrub dominant in the alpine zone of Tenerife, Canary Islands, were studied by a combination of dendrochronological and demographical techniques. Dendrochronological data were used to estimate growth rates of adult shrubs, frequency of fragmentation of shrubs by clonal growth, mortality,(More)
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