Tomáš Fér

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Genome size and chromosome numbers are important cytological characters that significantly influence various organismal traits. However, geographical representation of these data is seriously unbalanced, with tropical and subtropical regions being largely neglected. In the present study, an investigation was made of chromosomal and(More)
Dystaenia (Apiaceae) consists of two species, one distributed in Japan (D. ibukiensis), and the other endemic to Ullung Island, Korea (D. takesimana). In comparison with representative outgroup taxa in Ligusticum, Seseli, Angelica, and Osmorhiza, Dystaenia is shown to be monophyletic based on sequences from chloroplast trnL-F intron and spacer regions(More)
The origin of new species on oceanic islands has been discussed on many occasions (Carlquist, 1974; Grant, 1996). The most commonly described process is speciation associated with adaptive radiation (Stuessy & Ono, 1998; Schluter, 2000), in which from a single introduction several lines of speciation occur, each driven by selection within markedly different(More)
Polyploidization is one of the leading forces in the evolution of land plants, providing opportunities for instant speciation and rapid gain of evolutionary novelties. Highly selective conditions of serpentine environments act as an important evolutionary trigger that can be involved in various speciation processes. Whereas the significance of both edaphic(More)
The role of glacial oscillations in shaping plant diversity has been only rarely addressed in endemics of formerly glaciated areas. The Galium pusillum group represents a rare example of an ecologically diverse and ploidy-variable species complex that exhibits substantial diversity in deglaciated northern Europe. Using AFLP and plastid and nuclear DNA(More)
UNLABELLED PREMISE Studies of hybridizing species are facilitated by the availability of species-specific molecular markers for identifying early- and later-generation hybrids. Cattails are a dominant feature of wetland communities, and a better understanding of the prevalence of hybrids is needed to assess the ecological and evolutionary effects of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plants endemic to areas covered by ice sheets during the last glaciation represent paradigmatic examples of rapid speciation in changing environments, yet very few systems outside the harsh arctic zone have been comprehensively investigated so far. The Galium pusillum aggregate (Rubiaceae) is a challenging species complex that exhibits a(More)
The Phytophthora cactorum species complex in Europe is composed of P. cactorum, Phytophthora hedraiandra, and a hybrid species Phytophthora × serendipita. Evolutionary analyses using the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) method were carried out on 133 isolates from 19 countries. The AFLP data were complemented by sequence analysis of three genes(More)
Despite the extensive use of phylogenetic methods in comparative plant biology, there is little information on how traits and their plastic responses can be affected by phylogenetic constraints (i.e. limitations in phenotypic expression resulting from the phylogenetic history of a lineage), particularly in plant radiations that may have occurred over a(More)
The molecular population structure of 20 populations of the subalpine plant Gentiana pannonica was studied by use of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and sequencing of non-coding regions of plastid DNA. Of the populations sampled, 18 were native (11 were from the Eastern Alps, which is the distribution centre of the species, and seven were from(More)