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beta-catenin is involved in both cell-cell interactions and wnt pathway-dependent cell fate determination through its interactions with E-cadherin and TCF/LEF transcription factors, respectively. Cytoplasmic/nuclear levels of beta-catenin are important in regulated transcriptional activation of TCF/LEF target genes. Normally, these levels are kept low by(More)
Wnt/beta-catenin signals orchestrate cell fate and behavior throughout the animal kingdom. Aberrant Wnt signaling impacts nearly the entire spectrum of human disease, including birth defects, cancer, and osteoporosis. If Wnt signaling is to be effectively manipulated for therapeutic advantage, we first must understand how Wnt signals are normally(More)
We studied in vitro effects of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta)-inhibitor lithium on the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Lithium induced strong growth inhibition (> 70%) in 75% (n = 9 of 12) of cell lines, apparently independent from the status of major genes that are mutated in HCC including p53, p16(INK4a), beta-catenin and Axin1.(More)
Gradients of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling coordinate development and physiological homeostasis in metazoan animals. Proper embryonic development of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster requires the Naked cuticle (Nkd) protein to attenuate a gradient of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling across each segmental anlage. Nkd inhibits Wnt signaling by binding the(More)
BACKGROUND Mutation of Wnt signal antagonists Apc or Axin activates beta-catenin signaling in many cancers including the majority of human colorectal adenocarcinomas. The phenotype of apc or axin mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is strikingly similar to that caused by mutation in the segment-polarity gene, naked cuticle (nkd). Nkd inhibits(More)
C1D is a gamma-irradiation inducible nuclear matrix protein that interacts with and activates the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) that is essential for the repair of the DNA double-strand breaks and V(D)J recombination. Recently, it was demonstrated that C1D can also interact with TRAX and prevent the association of TRAX with Translin, a factor known(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Both p16INK4a and p53 proteins are negative regulators of the cell cycle. In human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), the loss of function of p53, retinoblastoma (pRb) and pl6INK4a genes by different mechanisms has been largely documented, but their hepatocellular effects are poorly known. We compared the growth-inhibitory effects of p16INK4a(More)
Robust animal development, tissue homeostasis, and stem cell renewal requires precise control of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling axis. In the embryo of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, the naked cuticle (nkd) gene attenuates signaling by the Wnt ligand Wingless (Wg) during segmentation. nkd mutants have been reported to exhibit abnormalities in wg(More)
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