Tokuma Tanuma

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BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was originally developed in Japan for en bloc resection of gastric neoplasms. OBJECTIVE To clarify whether the novel ESD procedure is feasible and gives results that justify the pursuit of integrated minimally invasive procedures aimed at curing early squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). (More)
INTRODUCTION More effective regimens are urgently needed for squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus (SCCE), therefore, we conducted a phase I/II trial of a combination of docetaxel, platinum, and fluorouracil (TPF) for treating metastatic SCCE. METHODS This phase I/II trial (n = 12/39) was conducted in our institute from April 2005 to June 2008.(More)
Ca2+ is a chemopreventive agent for colon cancer. Ion transport systems are often altered in human cancer. The aim of this study was to clarify the alterations of calcium-sensing receptor (CASR), a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family, in colorectal carcinogenesis. We analyzed the expression of CASR in colorectal cancer cell lines and in cancer(More)
Laminin-332 (LM-332, formerly termed laminin-5) is a heterotrimeric glycoprotein that regulates cell adhesion and migration. Molecular alterations of LM-332 are involved in cancer progression. The aim of this study was to clarify alterations of LM-332 in gastric carcinoma. The expression of LM-332 subunits in 10 gastric carcinoma cell lines was investigated(More)
Endoscopic diagnosis of gastrointestinal tumors consists of the following processes: (i) detection; (ii) differential diagnosis; and (iii) quantitative diagnosis (size and depth) of a lesion. Although detection is the first step to make a diagnosis of the tumor, the lesion can be overlooked if an endoscopist has no knowledge of what an early-stage(More)
Recently, bacterial infection causing periodontal disease has attracted considerable attention as a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Fusobacterium species is an oral bacterial group of the human microbiome. Some evidence suggests that Fusobacterium species promote colorectal cancer development; however, no previous studies have reported the association(More)
BACKGROUND Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) and a simple and systematic classification system based on microvascular and microsurface patterns, the "VS" classification system (VSCS), have been shown to be useful for the diagnosis of early gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to clarify whether an educational lecture about the VSCS(More)
BACKGROUND Intratumoral human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) heterogeneity of gastric cancer can be an obstacle to accurate HER2 assessment. Serum HER2, concentrations of the HER2 extracellular domain shed into the bloodstream, has a potential to compensate HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) but has not been scrutinized in gastric cancer. This study(More)
MicroRNAs have been increasingly recognized as useful biomarkers for colorectal cancers (CRC). We have recently observed that microRNA-31 (miR-31) expression is associated with BRAF mutation and prognosis in CRC. Moreover, high miR-31 expression is frequently detected in sessile serrated adenomas compared with hyperplastic polyps (HPs). These results(More)
Polycomb group protein enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a methyltransferase that correlates with the regulation of invasion and metastasis and is overexpressed in human cancers such as colorectal cancer. MicroRNA-31 (miR-31) plays an oncogenic role and is associated with BRAF mutation and poor prognosis in colorectal cancer. EZH2 is functionally(More)