Tokuhide Oyama

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The p16 protein (p16) is a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor that decelerates the cell cycle by inactivating the CDKs that phosphorylate retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. Recent biological studies have revealed that p16 expression is markedly influenced by the status of Rb expression, and p16 overexpression has been demonstrated in cervical cancers because(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), produced by almost all tumor cells, affects the ability of hemopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) to differentiate into functional dendritic cells (DC) during the early stages of their maturation. In this study we demonstrate specific binding of VEGF to HPC. This binding was efficiently competed by placenta growth(More)
Defective function of dendritic cells (DC) in cancer has been recently described and may represent one of the mechanisms of tumor evasion from immune system control. We have previously shown in vitro that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), produced by almost all tumors, is one of the tumor-derived factors responsible for the defective function of(More)
Proper placement of the bacterial cell division site requires the site-specific inactivation of other potential division sites. In Escherichia coli, selection of the correct mid-cell site is mediated by the MinC, MinD and MinE proteins. To clarify the functional role of the bacterial cell division inhibitor MinD, which is a membrane-associated ATPase that(More)
Background:The expression of L-type amino-acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is tumour-specific and has been shown to have essential roles in cell growth and survival. However, little is known regarding the clinical significance of LAT1 expression in pancreatic cancer. This study was conducted to determine the prognostic significance of LAT1 expression.Methods:A(More)
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect and safety of treatment with low-calorie formula diet on renal function and proteinuria in obese patients with diabetic nephropathy.DESIGN:Prospective study on safety and efficacy of a 4-week low-calorie (11–19 kcal/kg/day) normal-protein (0.9–1.2 g/kg/day) diet partly supplemented with formula diet.SUBJECTS:In all, 22 obese(More)
The authors describe the characteristics of atypical cystic lobules (ACLs), which represent a step in the formation of low-grade ductal carcinoma in-situ. The authors define ACLs as a proliferation of luminal cells showing low-grade cytological atypia without architectural atypia. ACLs were compared with conventional hyperplasia, low-grade ductal carcinoma(More)
The effect of inhalation of side-stream cigarette smoke on the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 was investigated Rats were placed in a chamber of 0.1 m3 in volume, in which cigarettes were burned at the rate of 1, 3, or 5 cigarettes per h, 8 h/day for 5 days. Cytochrome P450 and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase showed no significant changes; however,(More)
A case of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the breast during lactation is reported. The patient was a 32-year-old woman, in post-partum lactating 18 months after delivery, who was referred to our hospital following detection of a lump in her left breast during physical examination in mass screening for breast cancer. The tumor, palpated in the upper outer(More)
Cadherin cell adhesion molecules play an essential role in creating tight intercellular association and are considered to work as an invasion suppressor system of cancer cells. They form a molecular complex with catenins, a group of cytoplasmic proteins including alpha- and beta-catenins. While alpha-catenin has been demonstrated to be crucial for cadherin(More)