Tokiomi Endo

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Eighty-one bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens obtained from 26 HIV-infected, 45 non-HIV immunosuppressed and 10 immunocompetent patients with primary pulmonary diseases were analysed for the presence of Pneumocystis carinii by staining and by P. carinii 5S rDNA determined by PCR. P. carinii was observed by staining of BAL specimens from HIV-infected(More)
This report describes a case of hepatic phase Fasciola hepatica infection presenting huge and multilocular lesions. The unique radiological findings mimicked hydatid diseases and also cystic liver neoplasm. Fascioliasis should be included in the differential diagnosis for cystic liver diseases.
A 24-year-old Japanese man showed neurological disturbances 2 weeks after complete recovery from Plasmodium vivax infection. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain showed multiple high-intensity spotty lesions in the left cerebral cortex and subcortex. Cerebrospinal fluid examination, including polymerase chain reaction analysis for viruses, revealed(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) can be classified into distinct subtypes on the basis of sequence polymorphisms in several open reading frames (ORFs). We analyzed the subtypes of HHV-8 in 59 human immunodeficiency virus-infected Japanese patients by using polymorphisms in ORF26 and found that over two-thirds of the HHV-8 isolates fell into major subtype A. We(More)
This study examined polymorphisms in the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene of Pneumocystis carinii isolates from 27 patients with P. carinii pneumonia (PCP) in Japan. Four substitution sites with two synonymous and two non-synonymous changes were found. Two synonymous substitutions at nucleotide positions 540 and 312 were identified in one and 13(More)
Imported malaria remains an important problem in Japan. We have reviewed the medical records of 170 cases of malaria in our hospital, which corresponds to 14.9% of the total cases in Japan. The predominant malarial species was Plasmodium falciparum (52.3%), and the most frequent area of acquisition was Africa (54.2%), followed by Asia (20.9%) and Oceania(More)
Although mefloquine is the only drug licensed for malaria chemoprophylaxis in Japan, there have been few reports describing the effects of and adverse events in the prophylactic usage of mefloquine in a Japanese population. We therefore performed a questionnaire-based study in 21 travelers who were prescribed mefloquine for malaria chemoprophylaxis between(More)
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