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Recent neuroimaging studies have shown that several prefrontal regions play critical roles in inhibiting activation of limbic regions during voluntary emotion regulation. The present study aimed to confirm prior findings and to extend them by identifying the frontal neural circuitry associated with regulation of peripheral physiological responses during(More)
Cytokines are important mediators of various stress-related modulations of immune function. A major genetic factor determining inter-individual differences in stress reactivity is polymorphisms of the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT) transporter (5HTT) gene. A short (S) variant, compared with a long (L) variant, of the promoter region of the 5HTT(More)
Recent studies on psychoneuroimmunology have indicated that positive psychological events are related to immune functions; however, limited information is available regarding associations among the central nervous, endocrine, and immune systems when positive emotions are elicited. In the present study, we demonstrated associations among these systems by(More)
This study, using a triadic-yoked design, clarified the effects of controllability of acute stress on responses of immune, cardiovascular (heart rate and blood pressure), and cortisol activities. Forty-three women in their follicular phase completed a mental arithmetic task as a stressor in which controllability was manipulated by correct or yoked-bogus(More)
Acute stress elicits multiple responses in autonomic, endocrine, and immune systems. Cognitive appraisal is believed to be one important modulator of such stress responses. To investigate brain substrates of crosstalks between the homeostasis-maintaining systems accompanying appraisal of stressor controllability, we simultaneously recorded regional cerebral(More)
To examine the functional association between brain and autonomic activities accompanying decision-making, we simultaneously recorded regional cerebral blood flow using (15)O-water positron emission tomography and event-related brain potentials (ERPs) time-locked to feedback of reward and punishment, as well as cardiovascular parameters, during a stochastic(More)
It has been demonstrated that concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are elevated by acute stress. Although several studies confirmed robust changes in IL-6, how acute stress affects other cytokines was less clear. Therefore, the present study simultaneously examined the effects of acute(More)
OBJECTIVES The idea that perceived happiness may be associated with health and well-being is a recent topic of focus. However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the positive effects of happiness on psychological and physiological wellness remain obscure. In this study, we attempted to clarify the association between systemic inflammation and(More)
Several studies reported that redistribution of lymphocyte subsets, especially CD3-CD16+CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells, was elicited by acute psychological stress tasks. It is known that lymphocyte redistribution was regulated based on active or passive emotional coping strategies, which can be elicited dependent on controllability of a stressor.(More)
OBJECTIVES Warm physical contact may positively influence our health and well-being; however, it has not been investigated yet whether serum proteins are influenced by warm physical contact in healthy couples. In this study, we focused on psychological and physiological effects of warm partner contact in healthy couples. METHODS When participants freely(More)