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OBJECTIVE To examine the global prevalence and major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) among people with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A pooled analysis using individual participant data from population-based studies around the world was performed. A systematic literature review was(More)
A new method for quantifying fixational eye movements by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy was developed and the method was evaluated in ten normal persons. Video sequences of the ocular fundus obtained during fixation were recorded, and linear movements of the fovea between successive video frames were transformed to angular movements of the eye by an(More)
Diabetic eye disease remains a major cause of blindness in the world. Laser treatment for proliferative diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema became available more than two decades ago. The outcome of treatment depends on the timing of laser treatment. The laser treatment is optimally delivered when high-risk characteristics have developed in(More)
PURPOSE Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by morphological lesions in the retina secondary to disturbances in retinal blood flow which may influence the supply of oxygen to the retinal metabolism. Using retinal oximetry, it has been shown that the oxygen saturation is increased in retinal arterioles and venules from diabetic patients with retinopathy,(More)
PURPOSE To report the occurrence of registered blindness among diabetes patients in Arhus County, Denmark during 1993-2002. METHODS Data were obtained from a database of 7527 diabetes patients, which included all patients in the county who had been treated for or had experienced visual loss due to diabetic retinopathy since 1992. Of these, 1949 had type 1(More)
  • T Bek
  • Acta ophthalmologica
  • 1992
Quantitative layer-by-layer perimetry is a psychophysical technique believed to assess response characteristics of individual retinal layers. This paper presents a new design of this technique, implemented into the existing hardware environment of the computerized perimeter Humphrey Field Analyzer. The technique was optimized for a more simple, fast and(More)
The aim of this study was to reduce the frequency of diabetic eye-screening visits, while maintaining safety, by using information technology and individualised risk assessment to determine screening intervals. A mathematical algorithm was created based on epidemiological data on risk factors for diabetic retinopathy. Through a website, www.risk.is , the(More)
BACKGROUND In nondiabetic subjects pulse pressure (PP) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease and microalbuminuria. Reduced circadian blood pressure (BP) variation is a potential risk factor for the development of diabetic complications. We investigated the association between retinopathy, nephropathy, macrovascular disease, PP, and diurnal(More)
AIM Elevated pulse pressure (PP) is associated with microvascular complications in Type 2 diabetic patients. In non-diabetic subjects, elevated PP has been associated with endothelial dysfunction. The relation between endothelial dysfunction and PP in diabetic subjects has not previously been examined. We examined the relation between PP, markers of(More)
The role of blood pressure elevation in the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy is not clearly established and results have been conflicting. Blood pressure and urinary albumin excretion (UAE) are closely related. In order to evaluate the independent relationship between retinopathy and blood pressure elevation, precise information on UAE is(More)