Tohru Yorifuji

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Few studies have looked at optimal or acceptable serum phenylalanine levels in later life in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). This study examined the oxidative stress status of adolescents and adults with PKU. Forty PKU patients aged over fifteen years were enrolled, and were compared with thirty age-matched controls. Oxidative stress markers,(More)
Mucolipidosis (ML) II alpha/beta and III alpha/beta are autosomal recessive diseases caused by a deficiency of α and/or β subunits of the enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase, which is encoded by the GNPTAB gene. We analyzed the GNPTAB gene in 25 ML II and 15 ML III Japanese patients. In most ML II patients, the clinical conditions ‘stand alone’,(More)
Deficiency of mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA lyase (HL, EC4.1.3.4.) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by acute episodes of vomiting, hypotonia, and lethargy in the neonatal period or in infancy. Except in Saudi Arabia, where HL deficiency is the most common organic acidemia, the disorder is quite rare with only 41 cases(More)
Propionic acidemia [MIM 606054] is a form of organic acidemia caused by genetic deficiency of propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC) and characterized by attacks of severe metabolic acidemia and hyperammonemia beginning in the neonatal period or in early infancy. There are, however, patients who have higher PCC activities and present later with unusual symptoms,(More)
Increased production of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) and augmented oxidative stress may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. Little is known about the formation and accumulation of AGEs in young patients with type 1 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AGE production and oxidative stress are augmented(More)
The gene of Arthrobacter globiformis encoding a quinoprotein, phenylethylamine oxidase, has been cloned and sequenced. In the deduced amino acid sequence comprising 638 residues is a tetrapeptide sequence, Asn-Tyr-Asp-Tyr, which has been found to be highly conserved in other copper amine oxidase. Mutation of the former Tyr (Tyr-382) of the recombinant(More)
Mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HL, EC is a key enzyme of lipid and amino acid metabolism. It catalyses the cleavage of HMG-CoA to form acetyl-CoA and acetoacetate, which is the ¢nal step of the ketogenic pathway and leucine catabolism. De¢cient individuals (McKusick 246450) usually present with acute episodes of vomiting,(More)
The gene coding for histamine oxidase has been cloned and sequenced from a Coryneform bacterium Arthrobacter globiformis. The deduced amino acid sequence consists of 684 residues with a calculated molecular mass of 75,109 daltons and shows a high overall identity (58%) with that of phenethylamine oxidase derived from the same bacterial strain. Although the(More)
AbstractCarbamoylphosphate synthetase I deficiency (CPS1D) is a urea-cycle disorder characterized by episodes of life-threatening hyperammonemia. Correct diagnosis is crucial for patient management, but is difficult to make from clinical presentation and conventional laboratory tests alone. Enzymatic or genetic diagnoses have also been hampered by difficult(More)
Urea cycle disorders (UCDs) are one of the most frequently inherited metabolic diseases in Japan, with an estimated prevalence of 1 per 50,000 live births. Here, we investigated the clinical manifestations, treatment, and prognosis of 177 patients with UCDs who were evaluated and treated from January 1999 to March 2009. These included 77 cases of(More)