Tohru Yamamori

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Reduced caloric intake decreases arterial blood pressure in healthy individuals and improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in obese and overweight individuals. The SIRT1 protein deacetylase mediates many of the effects of calorie restriction (CR) on organismal lifespan and metabolic pathways. However, the role of SIRT1 in regulating(More)
Whereas ionizing radiation (Ir) instantaneously causes the formation of water radiolysis products that contain some reactive oxygen species (ROS), ROS are also suggested to be released from biological sources in irradiated cells. It is now becoming clear that these ROS generated secondarily after Ir have a variety of biological roles. Although mitochondria(More)
The rac1 GTPase and the p66shc adaptor protein regulate intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We examined the relationship between rac1 and p66shc. Expression of constitutively active rac1 (rac1V12) increased phosphorylation, reduced ubiquitination, and increased stability of p66shc protein. Rac1V12-induced phosphorylation and up-regulation(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1 (APE1) is an essential enzyme in the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Here, we show that APE1 is a target of the SIRTUIN1 (SIRT1) protein deacetylase. SIRT1 associates with APE1, and this association is increased with genotoxic stress. SIRT1 deacetylates APE1 in vitro and in vivo targeting lysines 6 and 7. Genotoxic(More)
When Escherichia coli cells grown at 30 degrees C are transferred to 42 degrees C, synthesis of several polypeptides is markedly and transiently induced. A temperature-sensitive nonsense mutant (tsn-K165) of E. coli K-12 is found to be defective in the induction of these proteins. mRNA for one major heat-shock polypeptide (groE protein) tested is induced in(More)
To clarify the apoptotic and survival signal transduction pathways in activated vascular endothelial cells exposed to oxidative stress, the effects of inhibitors of signal transduction on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced apoptosis in bovine aortic vascular endothelial cells (BAEC) were examined. Treatment of BAEC with 1 mM H(2)O(2) caused increases of(More)
Synthesis of total cellular proteins of Escherichia coli was studied upon transfer of a log-phase culture from 30 (or 37) to 42 degrees C. Cells were pulse-labeled with [3H]leucine, and the labeled proteins were analyzed by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. The rates of synthesis of at least five protein chains were found to(More)
Stimulation of bovine polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) with serum-opsonized zymosan (sOZ) induced the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), protein kinase C (PKC) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) and sOZ-induced O(2)(-) production was significantly attenuated by their inhibitors (SB203580 for p38 MAPK, GF109203X for PKC and(More)
The Son of Sevenless 1 protein (sos1) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for either the ras or rac1 GTPase. We show that p66shc, an adaptor protein that promotes oxidative stress, increases the rac1-specific GEF activity of sos1, resulting in rac1 activation. P66shc decreases sos1 bound to the growth factor receptor bound protein (grb2) and(More)
Superoxide production by NADPH oxidase is essential for the bactericidal properties of phagocytes. Phosphorylation of p47(phox), one of the cytosolic components of NADPH oxidase, is a crucial step of the oxidase activation. Some evidences suggest that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is involved in p47(phox) phosphorylation, but it has not been fully(More)