Tohru Tezuka

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In the central nervous system (CNS), myelination of axons occurs when oligodendrocyte progenitor cells undergo terminal differentiation, and initiate process formation and axonal ensheathment. Although Fyn, a member of the Src-family kinases (SFKs), plays an important role in this differentiation process, the substrates of Fyn in oligodendrocytes are(More)
Phosphorylation of neural proteins in response to a diverse array of external stimuli is one of the main mechanisms underlying dynamic changes in neural circuitry. The NR2B subunit of the NMDA receptor is tyrosine-phosphorylated in the brain, with Tyr-1472 its major phosphorylation site. Here, we generate mice with a knockin mutation of the Tyr-1472 site to(More)
The mammalian Dok protein family has seven members (Dok-1-Dok-7). The Dok proteins share structural similarities characterized by the NH2-terminal pleckstrin homology and phosphotyrosine-binding domains followed by SH2 target motifs in the COOH-terminal moiety, indicating an adapter function. Indeed, Dok-1 was originally identified as a 62 kDa protein that(More)
Neurite extension is a key process for constructing neuronal circuits during development and remodeling of the nervous system. Here we show that Src family tyrosine kinases and proteasome degradation signals synergistically regulate N-WASP in neurite extension. Src family kinases activate N-WASP through tyrosine phosphorylation, which induces Arp2/3(More)
SUMMARY The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors play critical roles in synaptic plasticity, neuronal development, and excitotoxicity. Tyrosine phosphorylation of NMDA receptors by Src-family tyrosine kinases such as Fyn is implicated in synaptic plasticity. To precisely address the roles of NMDA receptor tyrosine phosphorylation, we identified(More)
Post-synaptic density-95 (PSD-95) is a neuronal scaffolding protein that associates with N -methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and links them to intracellular signalling molecules. In neurons, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) binds selectively to the second PDZ domain (PDZ2) of PSD-95, thereby exhibiting physiological activation triggered via NMDA(More)
The aggregation of high affinity IgE receptors (Fcepsilon receptor I [FcepsilonRI]) on mast cells is potent stimulus for the release of inflammatory and allergic mediators from cytoplasmic granules. However, the molecular mechanism of degranulation has not yet been established. It is still unclear how FcepsilonRI-mediated signal transduction ultimately(More)
We identified AATYK2 (Apoptosis-Associated Tyrosine Kinase 2) through a database search as a kinase specifically expressed in the brain. After characterization, we renamed it BREK (Brain-Enriched Kinase). Mouse BREK mRNA is expressed predominantly in brain, especially in olfactory bulb, olfactory tubercle, hippocampus, striatum, cerebellum, and cerebral(More)
A specialized intercellular junction between podocytes, known as the slit diaphragm (SD), forms the essential structural frame-work for glomerular filtration in the kidney. In addition, mounting evidence demonstrates that the SD also plays a crucial role as a signaling platform in physiological and pathological states. Nephrin, the major component of the(More)
B-cell activation mediated through the antigen receptor is dependent on activation of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) such as Lyn and Syk and subsequent phosphorylation of various signaling proteins. Here we report on the identification and characterization of the B-cell scaffold protein with ankyrin repeats (BANK), a novel substrate of tyrosine kinases.(More)