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We investigate temperature and entropy profiles of 13 nearby cooling flow clusters observed with the EPIC cameras of XMM-Newton. When normalized and scaled by the virial radius the temperature profiles turn out to be remarkably similar. At large radii the temperature profiles show a clear decline starting from a break radius at ∼ 0.1 rvir. The temperature(More)
SUMMARY This report describes a quantification method for lumi-nance non-uniformity of a large LED backlight. In experiments described herein, participants subjectively evaluated artificial indistinct Mura images that simulated luminance non-uniformity of an LED backlight. We measured the luminance distribution of the Mura images. Then, the measured(More)
A method of automated measurement of the EOG amplitude is described. Its main advantages are as follows: 1. The mean of amplitudes, at a series of time dots within a single EOG deflection recorded with DC-amplification, are automatically measured and printed out. 2. Artifacts due to blinks, overshoots or other irregular eye movements are automatically(More)
An algorithm is proposed to interpolate the pulse wave during the measurement of SpO<sub>2</sub> by using Kalman filter identification of autoregression (AR) coefficients, Kalman filter interpolation, and a fixed-interval smoother. This combined algorithm picks up the pulse rate smoothly from pulse waves contaminated by two specific artifact types:(More)
XMM-Newton observations of 19 galaxy clusters are used to measure the elemental abundances and their spatial distributions in the intracluster medium. The sample mainly consists of X-ray bright and relaxed clusters with a cD galaxy. Along with detailed Si, S and Fe radial abundance distributions within 300-700 kpc in radius, the O abundances are accurately(More)
A fourth production region for the globally important Antarctic bottom water has been attributed to dense shelf water formation in the Cape Darnley Polynya, adjoining Prydz Bay in East Antarctica. Here we show new observations from CTD-instrumented elephant seals in 2011-2013 that provide the first complete assessment of dense shelf water formation in Prydz(More)
SUMMARY We developed a quantitative evaluation method for lumi-nance and color uniformity on a display screen. In this paper, we report the analysis result of a viewer perception of luminance and color uniformity. In experiments, observers subjectively evaluated Mura images which were showed on the light emitting diode (LED) backlight screen by adjusting(More)
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