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Several laser and non-laser refractive surgical procedures have been used to modify the shape of the cornea and correct myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. Introduction of the excimer laser to reshape the cornea has resulted in remarkable developments in the correction of these refractive errors. Combined with other advanced ophthalmological(More)
To elucidate tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-1 (TNFR1) and TNF-α converting enzyme (TACE) involvement during corneal wound healing. The corneas of BALB/c mice cornea were scarred by alkali burns using filter paper dipped in 1N NaOH solution. TACE and TNFR1 expression in the alkali-burned corneas were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (total, 16 eyes).(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated an anti-inflammatory effect of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) ectodomain shedding in ocular surface. METHODS Human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) was first pretreated by TNF-α. Ectodomain shedding was stimulated by uridine triphosphate (UTP) or peptidoglycan (PGN), with or without shedding inhibition using TNF-α processing inhibitor (TAPI).(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the expression of the active form of gelatinases (gelatinase A: matrix metalloproteinase-2 [MMP-2] and gelatinase B: matrix metalloproteinase-9 [MMP-9]) in ocular surface disorders, we determined the presence of the active form of these gelatinases in the tear fluid of patients with corneal ulcer or ocular burn. METHODS The subjects(More)
PURPOSE To compare tear film parameters as well as meibomian gland morphologic features and function among patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), those with non-Sjögren syndrome aqueous-deficient dry eye (non-SS ADDE), those with non-SS ADDE and MGD, and normal subjects. DESIGN Multicenter, cross-sectional, observational case series. (More)
To determine the expression of gelatinase A [matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2] and gelatinase B (MMP-9) in ocular surface disorders, we carried out examinations of the eyes of patients with such disorders. The cases consisted of a normal group comprising three eyes as the control and a patient group comprising six eyes of patients with ocular surface(More)
Corneal alkali burns are a serious clinical problem that often leads to permanent visual impairment. In this process, transforming growth factor (Tgf)-beta1 is upregulated and involved in the response to corneal injury and the process of corneal stromal scarring. To develop an efficient compound to inhibit Tgf-beta1 in the cornea, we designed GB1201, a(More)
PURPOSE Defensins are antimicrobial peptides and are classified into three groups, alpha-, beta- and theta-defensins. We investigated the localization of human neutrophil peptides (HNP) 1-3, which are members of the alpha-defensin subfamily, and the expression of human beta-defensin 1 (hBD-1) and hBD-2 in the ocular surface tissues. METHODS Corneal or(More)
To investigate the expression of β-defensin in the ocular surface of a mouse experimental allergic conjunctivitis (EAC) model. Mouse β-defensin (mBD)-1 and -2 mRNA expressed in conjunctival tissue of both the EAC and the control group were analyzed by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. mBD-1 and mBD-2 mRNA expressed(More)