Tohru Onogawa

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Digoxin, which is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of heart failure, is mainly eliminated from the circulation by the kidney. P-glycoprotein is well characterized as a digoxin pump at the apical membrane of the nephron. However, little is known about the transport mechanism at the basolateral membrane. We have isolated an organic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One approach to the development of targeted cancer chemotherapy exploits increased uptake of the agent into neoplastic cells. In this scenario, higher concentrations of the agent in cancer cells are responsible for differential killing, whereas the low concentration in normal human cells decreases side effects. The aim of this study was to(More)
We have recently identified that rat organic anion transporters, polypeptide2 (oatp2) and oatp3, both of which transport thyroid hormones. However, in humans the molecular organization of the organic anion transporters has diverged, and the responsible molecule for thyroid hormone transport has not been clarified, except for human liver-specific transporter(More)
We have isolated three novel organic anion transporter cDNAs designated rat GST-1 (gonad-specific transporter), rat GST-2, and human GST, expressed at high levels in the testis. Rat GST-1, GST-2, and human GST consist of 748, 702, and 719 amino acids, respectively, and all molecules possess the 12 predicted transmembrane domains, which is a common structure(More)
We have isolated a rat novel multispecific organic anion transporter, moat1. The isolated clones were originated by alternative splicing of the moat1 mRNA. The nucleotide sequences predict a protein of 682 amino acids with moderate sequence similarity to LST-1, the oatp family, and the prostaglandin transporter. Northern blot analysis of rat moat1(More)
We have isolated and characterized a novel human and rat organic anion transporter subtype, OATP-D. The isolated cDNA from human brain encodes a polypeptide of 710 amino acids (Mr 76,534) with 12 predicted transmembrane domains. The rat clone encodes 710 amino acids (Mr 76,821) with 97.6% amino acid sequence homology with human OATP-D. Human and rat OATP-D(More)
Pancreatic cancer is among the most lethal malignancies worldwide. We aimed to identify novel prognostic markers by applying mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic analysis to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Resectable, node positive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with poor (n = 4) and better (n = 4) outcomes, based on survival(More)
PURPOSE To examine the expression of multifunctional Na(+)-independent organic anion transporting polypeptide, termed OATP-E, involved in the transport of thyroid hormone in human placenta. METHODS Western blot analysis was performed using a specific antibody against OATP-E in human placenta to confirm the expression of OATP-E at the protein level.(More)
We isolated the human liver-specific organic anion transporter gene, LST-2 (OATP8/SLCO1B3), which is exclusively expressed in the basolateral membrane of the hepatocytes. In this study, we analyzed the transcriptional regulation of the LST-2 gene in hepatocyte-derived cells and the effect of bile acid. Transcriptional activity of the LST-2 gene was measured(More)
Although some kinds of bile acids have been implicated in colorectal cancer development, the mechanism of cancer progression remains unexplored in hepatobiliary cancer. From our personal results using complementary DNA microarray, we found that chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) induced Snail expression in human carcinoma cell lines derived from hepatocellular(More)