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AIM HDL has anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages, although the mechanism of action remains unclear. We hypothesized that HDL suppresses the conversion of macrophage-secreted factors into proinflammatory factors via binding, and tried to identify the factor that could form a complex with HDL and/or apolipoprotein (apo) A-I. METHODS AND RESULTS In(More)
AIMS Progranulin (PGRN) is a multifunctional protein known to be involved in inflammation. However, the relation between PGRN and atherosclerosis remains elusive. The aim of this study was to define the role of PGRN in the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS First, we checked the expression levels of PGRN in human atherosclerotic plaques.(More)
While aging is unavoidable, the aging mechanism is still unclear because of its complexity. Smoking causes premature death and is considered as an environmental aging accelerator. In the present study, we focused on the influence of smoking to the serum concentration of anti-aging protein α-klotho (αKl) and the β-klotho-associated protein fibroblast growth(More)
AIM High density lipoprotein (HDL) has multi-antiatherogenic effects such as antioxidation and anti-inflammation, in addition to being a key mediator of reverse cholesterol transport. Probucol, known as a lipid lowering drug, is also a potent antioxidant, but it decreases serum HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. To elucidate the effect of probucol on(More)
AIM The clustering of dyslipidemia, impaired glucose tolerance and hypertension increases the morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. A class B scavenger receptor, CD36, is a receptor for oxidized LDL and a transporter of long-chain fatty acids. Because of the impaired uptake of oxidized LDL in CD36-deficient macrophages and from the results of(More)
Numerous large-scale clinical studies have revealed that the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering effect of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) prevents coronary heart disease (CHD). Statins have not only LDL-C-lowering effects but also high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)-elevating effects, which(More)
AIM Postprandial hyperlipidemia (PH) is thought to be caused by the impaired postprandial metabolism of triglycerides (TG)-rich lipoproteins in both endogenous and exogenous pathways; however, there is no consensus. It is difficult to estimate the presence of PH without performing a time-consuming oral fat loading (OFL) test, so postprandial lipoprotein(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter-1 (ABCA1) is a cause of Tangier disease, which is a familial deficiency of plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL). This molecule is known to be expressed in the multiple tissues and organs including small intestines, liver, and macrophages in the blood vessels. Recent in vivo studies suggested that ABCA1 plays some roles in(More)
Plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels are inversely correlated with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. HDL is mainly assembled in the liver through the ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA1) pathway. In humans, plasma HDL-cholesterol levels are positively correlated with plasma adiponectin (APN) concentrations. Recently, we(More)
AIM Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and postprandial hypertriglyceridemia (PHTG) are closely related and both are associated with coronary heart disease. We have demonstrated that CD36 deficiency is prevalent in the genetic background of MetS and is accompanied by PHTG concomitantly with an increase in remnants and a decrease in high density lipoprotein(More)