Learn More
AIMS Progranulin (PGRN) is a multifunctional protein known to be involved in inflammation. However, the relation between PGRN and atherosclerosis remains elusive. The aim of this study was to define the role of PGRN in the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS First, we checked the expression levels of PGRN in human atherosclerotic plaques.(More)
The mechanism of gastrointestinal dysmotility in inflammatory bowel disease has not been clarified. In this study, we examined the mechanism involved in the inflamed distal colon isolated from a mouse model of dextran sodium sulphate-induced ulcerative colitis (DSS-treated mouse). Although substance P-induced contraction was not changed, carbachol-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Postprandial hyperlipidaemia is known to be a high-risk factor for atherosclerotic disease because of rapid and lasting accumulations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and remnants. The Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) protein acts as an intestinal cholesterol transporter and ezetimibe, which inhibits NPC1L1, has been used in patients with(More)
Macroscopic and histological analysis revealed that the colonic inflammation induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS) was of lower grade in tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)(-/-) mice than in wild-type mice. Myeloperoxidase activity, an indicator of neutrophilic infiltration, was also low in both the mucosal and smooth muscle layer of(More)
AIM The clustering of dyslipidemia, impaired glucose tolerance and hypertension increases the morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. A class B scavenger receptor, CD36, is a receptor for oxidized LDL and a transporter of long-chain fatty acids. Because of the impaired uptake of oxidized LDL in CD36-deficient macrophages and from the results of(More)
OBJECTIVES Atherosclerotic lesions of the coronary arteries are the pathological basis for myocardial infarction and ischemic cardiomyopathy. Progression of heart failure after myocardial infarction is associated with cardiac remodeling, which has been studied by means of coronary ligation in mice. However, this ligation model requires excellent techniques.(More)
BACKGROUND Myosin phosphatase activity is regulated by mechanisms involving the phosphorylation of CPI-17 and MYPT1, primarily based on studies with tonic-type vascular smooth muscles. This study examined how these mechanisms contribute to the regulation of contraction of a phasic-type intestinal smooth muscle. METHODS Phosphorylation levels, tension, and(More)
While aging is unavoidable, the aging mechanism is still unclear because of its complexity. Smoking causes premature death and is considered as an environmental aging accelerator. In the present study, we focused on the influence of smoking to the serum concentration of anti-aging protein α-klotho (αKl) and the β-klotho-associated protein fibroblast growth(More)
  • 1