Tohru Masuyama

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We used a pulsed Doppler technique to examine the flow velocity pattern in the right ventricular outflow tract in 33 adults. In the patients with normal pulmonary artery pressure (mean pressure less than 20 mm Hg, 16 patients), ejection flow reached a peak level at midsystole (137 +/- 24 msec, mean +/- SD), producing a domelike contour of the flow velocity(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies demonstrated that the "no reflow" phenomenon after coronary reflow implies the presence of advanced myocardial damage. In this study, we verified the prognostic value of the detection of this phenomenon by studying complications, left ventricular morphology, and in-hospital survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). (More)
BACKGROUND We investigated myocardial perfusion dynamics after thrombolysis and its clinical implications. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 39 patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction (AMI). Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) was performed before and immediately after successful reflow with intracoronary injection of sonicated Ioxaglate.(More)
OBJECTIVE There are two phenotypes of heart failure, systolic failure and isolated diastolic heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function. Although isolated diastolic heart failure frequently occurs, there are only models for diastolic dysfunction unassociated with heart failure and models with overt diastolic heart failure have not been(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed whether the intravenous administration of nicorandil, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K+ channel opener, exerts beneficial effect on microvascular function and functional and clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND Experimental studies documented that ATP-sensitive K+ channel opener(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed the acute effect of intracoronary injection of verapamil on microvascular function after primary percutaneous translumanal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in relation to functional outcomes. BACKGROUND Recent clinical studies have documented the(More)
In this study, transmitral flow velocity during the diastolic period was non-invasively measured to assess diastolic behavior of the left ventricle by pulsed Doppler flowmetry combined with electronic beam sector-scanning echocardiography. The velocity pattern was found to have 2 wave components: one appears in the early diastolic rapid filling phase (R(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are activated in dilated failing hearts, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition prevents left ventricular (LV) dilatation. However, it remains unclear whether activation of MMPs precedes or is secondary to LV remodeling, and an effect of ACE inhibition on MMPs is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Dahl(More)
Diastolic heart failure (DHF) has become a social burden; however, evidences leading to its therapeutic strategy are lacking. This study investigated effects of addition of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) at advanced stage of DHF in hypertensive rats. Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed 8% NaCl diet(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) wall stiffening plays an important role in the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Based on the linear elastic theory, we hypothesized that the evaluation of epicardial movement during diastole is helpful for the noninvasive assessment of LV wall distensibility. METHODS AND RESULTS Based(More)