Tohru Marubayashi

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OBJECTIVE Screening with low-dose spiral CT is a promising new tool for early lung cancer detection. A study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of emphysema detected by CT screening, and to assess the correlation between the extent of emphysema and the severity defined according to the recently published Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung(More)
Two cases of cerebral granular cell tumour are reported. In Case 1 the tumour arose from the genu of the corpus callosum, and in Case 2 it was found in the frontotemporoparietal lobes. Biopsy and autopsy specimens were examined with light and electron microscopy, and histochemical characteristics of the granule were analysed. Tumour cells from these two(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between airflow obstruction and the metabolic syndrome (MS) or its components in Japanese men. METHODS The study included 7,189 male subjects, aged 45-88 years, who underwent spirometric lung function tests at a medical check-up. The spirometric criteria for diagnosis of(More)
Intracranial intraparenchymal schwannomas are rare. We report three patients with an intracranial intraparenchymal schwannoma and discuss the clinical and neuroradiological aspects of this particular tumour. The patients were a 21-year-old male, a 64-year-old female and a 17-year-old male. The tumours were located in cerebrum in two patients and the(More)
The prevalence and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase in the future throughout the world. Little data is available on the prevalence of airflow limitation in Japan, especially on medical check-up. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of airflow limitation in Japanese subjects during medical(More)
This study was undertaken to define the clinical features of moyamoya disease in sibling relations less than 15 years of age. We analysed five pairs of siblings (6 boys, 4 girls) with moyamoya disease from among 56 moyamoya patients less than 15 years of age. Of 56 paediatric patients with moyamoya disease, 5 were sibling pairs. At onset of the disease,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Recent studies suggest that CRP levels are related to airflow obstruction. However, limited data exist on the relevance of CRP levels in individuals with or without emphysema. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the extent of emphysema, COPD severity and serum CRP levels. METHODS Lung function tests and(More)
BACKGROUND To date, there is very limited longitudinal data on COPD and incidence estimates in Japan. The aim of this study was to investigate the 12-year cumulative incidence of airflow obstruction (COPD) in Japanese males. METHODS This study included 913 male subjects, aged 30-76 years, who underwent lung function tests at a medical check-up in 1994(More)
We evaluated the removal of enteric adenovirus (AdV) type 40 and poliovirus (PV) type 1 by coagulation, using water samples from 13 water sources for drinking water treatment plants in Japan. The behaviors of two widely accepted enteric virus surrogates, bacteriophages MS2 and φX174, were compared with the behaviors of AdV and PV. Coagulation with(More)