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RGS proteins constitute a newly appreciated group of negative regulators of G protein signaling. Discovered by genetic screens in yeast, worms, and other organisms, two mammalian RGS proteins, RGS4 and GAIP, act as GTPase-activating proteins for members of the Gi family of G protein alpha subunits. We have purified recombinant RGS4 to homogeneity and(More)
Transmembrane signals initiated by a broad range of extracellular stimuli converge on nodes that regulate phospholipase C (PLC)-dependent inositol lipid hydrolysis for signal propagation. We describe how heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) activate PLC-βs and in turn are deactivated by these downstream effectors. The 2.7-angstrom(More)
Signaling pathways that link extracellular factors to activation of the monomeric guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rho control cytoskeletal rearrangements and cell growth. Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) participate in several of these pathways, although their mechanisms are unclear. The GTPase activities of two G protein(More)
Members of the regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) family stimulate the intrinsic guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activity of the alpha subunits of certain heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins). The guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rho, p115 RhoGEF, has an amino-terminal region with similarity to RGS proteins.(More)
RGS proteins constitute a newly appreciated and large group of negative regulators of G protein signaling. Four members of the RGS family act as GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) with apparent specificity for members of the Gi alpha subfamily of G protein subunits. We demonstrate here that two RGS proteins, RGS4 and GAIP, also act as GAPs for Gq alpha, the(More)
Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins modulate signaling through pathways that use heterotrimeric G proteins as transducing elements. RGS1 is expressed at high levels in certain B cell lines and can be induced in normal B cells by treatment with TNF-alpha. To determine the signaling pathways that RGS1 may regulate, we examined the specificity of(More)
Members of the Gq alpha subfamily of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) activate phospholipase C (PLC). The complementary DNAs (cDNAs) for the G protein alpha subunits Gq alpha and G11 alpha were expressed in insect (Sf9) cells using recombinant baculovirus. Active, nonaggregated, and membrane-associated protein was generated(More)
G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) plays a key role in the desensitization of G protein-coupled receptor signaling by phosphorylating activated heptahelical receptors and by sequestering heterotrimeric G proteins. We report the atomic structure of GRK2 in complex with Galphaq and Gbetagamma, in which the activated Galpha subunit of Gq is fully(More)
Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Gi but not by Gs class alpha-subunits. All RGS proteins share a conserved 120-amino acid sequence termed the RGS domain. We have demonstrated that the RGS domains of RGS4, RGS10, and GAIP retain GTPase accelerating activity with the Gi class substrates Gialpha1, Goalpha, and(More)