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Vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis have been used as histopathological prognosticators of cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In addition to metastatic potential via blood vessels, tumor-induced angiogenesis might also be associated with prognosis. However, the efficacy of combined evaluation of vascular invasion and(More)
BACKGROUND Normal hematopoietic development depends on the activity of the Ikaros transcription factor, which contains distinct zinc-finger domains that mediate DNA binding and protein dimerization. Mice homozygous for a transgene encoding a dominant-negative version of Ikaros that lacks the DNA-binding domain but not the dimerization domain have a more(More)
The receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and its receptor RANK are critical regulators for immune responses as well as bone remodeling. RANKL is a type II transmembrane protein that has two forms-a membrane-anchored protein and a secreted protein. In this report, we demonstrate for the first time the kinetical expression of two forms of RANKL in(More)
The presentation of self-peptides in the context of MHC molecules by thymic epithelial cells (TECs) is essential for T cell repertoire selection in the thymus. However, the underlying mechanisms of this process have not been fully elucidated. To address whether autophagy, a catabolic process involving the degradation of a cell's components through the(More)
The receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand [RANKL; also known as tumor necrosis factor-related activation-induced cytokine, osteoprotegerin ligand, and osteoclast differentiation factor] is known to bind with the receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) and act not only as a key factor for osteoclastogenesis but also as a regulator of(More)
The response of bone cells to a newly developed porous beta-tricalcium phosphate composed of rod-shaped particles (RSbeta-TCP), beta-TCP composed of conventional non-rod-shaped particles (Cbeta-TCP), and hydroxyapatite (HA) was analyzed using in vivo implantation and in vitro osteoclastogenesis systems. Implantation of the materials into the rabbit femur(More)
Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and its receptor, receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK), play a key role in osteoclastogenesis, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) acts as a decoy receptor for RANKL. We investigated the role of the RANKL-RANK-OPG system in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which frequently metastasize to bones. Real-time quantitative PCR(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) induces osteoclastogenesis by binding with the receptor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Three human RANKL isoforms, hRANKL1, hRANKL2, and hRANKL3, were identified. hRANKL1 was identical to previously reported RANKL and possessed(More)
Locoregional recurrence of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) has been considered a poor prognostic entity in terms of survival rate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of locoregional recurrence and to identify significant risk factors for locoregional recurrence in early-stage OTSCC. We retrospectively reviewed the records of(More)