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Mixed tumors account for about 10% of the childhood central nervous system tumors. Studies of the most common tumor, the ganglioglioma, in patients of all ages suggest that optimal therapy is total gross resection. There are few studies on these tumors in children. In our institution between 1984 and 1993, 28 children with gangliogliomas (4 of which were(More)
Angiographically determined changes in segmental wall motion (SWM) and ejection fraction (EF) are sensitive indices of left ventricular (LV) function. To compare the effects of exercise on LV function, first pass radionuclide angiocardiography was used before and during maximal upright bicycle stress in patients with nonsignificantly stenosed coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Base deficit (BD) is commonly used in the operating room (OR) as an endpoint of resuscitation. BD is used as a surrogate marker for the accumulation of lactic acid(Lac). However, the BD can be affected by large amounts of saline. METHODS We conducted a survey of anesthesiologists regarding the use of BD. We also studied the reliability of BD to(More)
reports some technical difficulties in getting the data. 2 Needle visualization was an issue in both reports. Using an out-of-plane approach may have prevented proper needle visualization because only a cross section of the needle anywhere in the length of the needle may be seen and mistaken for the tip, although tissue movement may have been seen. With the(More)
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