Todd Thorsen

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Soft lithography is an alternative to silicon-based micromachining that uses replica molding of nontraditional elastomeric materials to fabricate stamps and microfluidic channels. We describe here an extension to the soft lithography paradigm, multilayer soft lithography, with which devices consisting of multiple layers may be fabricated from soft(More)
Microfluidic devices are emerging as an attractive technology for automatically orchestrating the reactions needed in a biological computer. Thousands of microfluidic primitives have already been integrated on a single chip, and recent trends indicate that the hardware complexity is increasing at rates comparable to Moore’s Law. As in the case of silicon,(More)
Spatiotemporal pattern formation occurs in a variety of nonequilibrium physical and chemical systems. Here we show that a microfluidic device designed to produce reverse micelles can generate complex, ordered patterns as it is continuously operated far from thermodynamic equilibrium. Flow in a microfluidic system is usually simple-viscous effects dominate(More)
In this paper, we report on the development of a multilayer elastomeric microfluidic array platform for the high-throughput cell cytotoxicity screening of mammalian cell lines. Microfluidic channels in the platform for cell seeding are orthogonal to channels for toxin exposure, and within each channel intersection is a circular chamber with cell-trapping(More)
In an effort to develop a bacterial expression system for horseradish peroxidase (HRP), we inserted the gene encoding HRP into the pET-22b(+) vector (Novagen) as a fusion to the signal peptide PelB. A similar construct for cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) leads to high CcP activity in the supernatant. Expression of the wild-type HRP gene in the presence of(More)
This paper describes a platform for real-time sensing of dissolved oxygen in a flowing microfluidic environment using an oxygen-sensitive luminescent dye (platinum octaethylporphyrin ketone) integrated into a micro-oxygenator device. Using a phase-based detection method, the luminescent decay lifetime of the dye was consistent with the linear Stern-Volmer(More)
Conventional in vitro cell culture that utilizes culture dishes or microtiter plates is labor-intensive and time-consuming, and requires technical expertise and specific facilities to handle cell harvesting, media exchange and cell subculturing procedures. A microfluidic array platform with eight microsieves in each cell culture chamber is presented for(More)
Although microfluidic chips have demonstrated basic functionality for single applications, performing varied and complex experiments on a single device is still technically challenging. While many groups have implemented control software to drive the pumps, valves, and electrodes used to manipulate fluids in microfluidic devices, a new level of(More)
Recent numerical and experimental studies have investigated the increase in efficiency of microfluidic ac electro-osmotic pumps by introducing nonplanar geometries with raised steps on the electrodes. In this study, we analyze the effect of the step height on ac electro-osmotic pump performance. AC electro-osmotic pumps with three-dimensional electroplated(More)