Todd Schwartz

Diane Holditch-Davis2
Diane Hudson-Barr1
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BACKGROUND Most studies of sleep-wake states of preterm infants have been cross-sectional. Thus, the extent to which sleep-wake development occurs within individuals and how environmental factors affect the development of sleeping and waking is unclear. AIMS This study examined the development of sleeping and waking during the preterm and early post-term(More)
BACKGROUND Although nurse clinicians and researchers use infant behaviors to indicate the responses of preterm infant to stimulation, little is known about how the biological factors of development, sleeping and waking states, infant characteristics, and infant illness severity affect preterm infant behaviors. OBJECTIVE This study examined the development(More)
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