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PURPOSE GVAX pancreas, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-secreting allogeneic pancreatic tumor cells, induces T-cell immunity to cancer antigens, including mesothelin. GVAX is administered with low-dose cyclophosphamide (Cy) to inhibit regulatory T cells. CRS-207, live-attenuated Listeria monocytogenes-expressing mesothelin, induces innate(More)
OX40 is a potent costimulatory receptor that can potentiate T-cell receptor signaling on the surface of T lymphocytes, leading to their activation by a specifically recognized antigen. In particular, OX40 engagement by ligands present on dendritic cells dramatically increases the proliferation, effector function, and survival of T cells. Preclinical studies(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical and immunologic outcomes of DC (dendritic cell) vaccine with interleukin (IL)-2 and IFN-alpha 2a in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eighteen consented and eligible patients were treated. Peripheral blood monocytes were cultured ex vivo into mature DCs and loaded with autologous tumor lysate.(More)
BACKGROUND For patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, sorafenib is the only approved drug worldwide, and outcomes remain poor. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of nivolumab, a programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor, in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with or without chronic viral hepatitis. (More)
PURPOSE To review the evidence about the efficacy and utility of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer (CRHM). METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) convened a panel to conduct and analyze a comprehensive systematic review of the RFA literature from Medline and the Cochrane Collaboration Library. (More)
LBA101 Background: Overexpression of PD-L1 in HCC has a poor prognosis. Safety and preliminary antitumor efficacy of nivolumab, a fully human IgG4 monoclonal antibody PD-1 inhibitor, was evaluated in a multiple ascending-dose, phase I/II study in patients (pts) with HCC. METHODS Pts with histologically confirmed advanced HCC with Child-Pugh (CP) score ≤(More)
Since multiple lines of experimental and clinical data clearly identified regulatory T cells as an integral part of the immune response, these cells have become a major focus of investigation in tumor immunology. Regulatory T cells are in place to dampen ongoing immune responses and to prevent autoimmunity, but they also have profound effects in blocking(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether 1 of 2 vaccines based on dendritic cells (DCs) and poxvectors encoding CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) and MUC1 (PANVAC) would lengthen survival in patients with resected metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC). BACKGROUND Recurrences after complete resections of metastatic CRC remain frequent. Immune responses to CRC are(More)
In patients with progressive malignancy, the natural balance between proinflammatory (Yang) and inhibitory (regulatory or Yin) immune pathways is disrupted and favors cancer-specific immune suppression. Therapy with interleukin 2 (IL-2) can mobilize immune effector cells that recognize and destroy cancer. High-dose IL-2 is the only therapy that has(More)
PURPOSE Recovery of lymphocyte populations after lymphocyte depletion is implicated in therapeutic immune pathways in animal models and in patients with cancer. We sought to evaluate the effects of chemotherapy-induced lymphodepletion followed by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy on clinical(More)