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The p53 protein regulates the transcription of many different genes in response to a wide variety of stress signals. Following DNA damage, p53 regulates key processes, including DNA repair, cell-cycle arrest, senescence and apoptosis, in order to suppress cancer. This Analysis article provides an overview of the current knowledge of p53-regulated genes in(More)
The endosomal compartment of the cell is involved in a number of functions including: (a) internalizing membrane proteins to multivesicular bodies and lysosomes; (b) producing vesicles that are secreted from the cell (exosomes); and (c) generating autophagic vesicles that, especially in times of nutrient deprivation, supply cytoplasmic components to the(More)
A longer acting recombinant FVIII is expected to serve patients' demand for a more convenient prophylactic therapy. We have developed BAX 855, a PEGylated form of Baxter's rFVIII product ADVATE™ based on the ADVATE™ manufacturing process. The conjugation process for preparing BAX 855 uses a novel PEG reagent. The production process was adjusted to yield a(More)
3-Phenyloctahydropyrido[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine hydrochloride and the 10R and 10S diastereomers have been synthesized from (+/-)-, (+)-, and (-)-2-piperidinemethanol. Treatment of 2-piperidinemethanol with alpha-bromoacetophenone gave 3-hydroxy-3-phenyloctahydropyrido[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine which was readily converted to the 3-phenyl derivative by catalytic(More)
A series of substituted 3-aryl- and hydroxy-3-aryloctahydropyrido[2,1-c][1,4]oxazines has been synthesized for purposes of investigating potentially useful CNS pharmacological actions of this novel heterocyclic system. The preferred conformation of the bicyclic system of the parent compounds, 1 and 2, has been shown to be trans with equatorial orientation(More)
BACKGROUND A computational method (called p53HMM) is presented that utilizes Profile Hidden Markov Models (PHMMs) to estimate the relative binding affinities of putative p53 response elements (REs), both p53 single-sites and cluster-sites. These models incorporate a novel "Corresponded Baum-Welch" training algorithm that provides increased predictive power(More)
A number of 2-(arylamino)-4(3H)-quinazolinones (2a-i) that possess several of the pharmacophore moieties necessary for binding to the inhibitor site of the enzyme aldose reductase were synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit crude aldose reductase obtained from rat lens. Only those quinazolinones that possess an acidic moiety on the(More)
A method for the prediction of the retention index of drugs on C18 reversed-phase columns was developed and then applied to a series of drugs that were structurally related to morphine and to a series related to fentanyl. The HPLC retention index (/) of the test compounds was estimated using the equation: / = 200 pi + /ref. where pi was the sum of the(More)
p53 pathway responds to various cellular stress signals (the input) by activating p53 as a transcription factor (increasing its levels and protein modifications) and transcribing a programme of genes (the output) to accomplish a number of functions (FIG. 1). Together, these functions prevent errors in the duplication process of a cell that is under stress,(More)