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Genetic resistance to pyrethroid insecticides involves nervous system insensitivity linked to regulatory and structural genes of voltage-sensitive sodium channels. We examined the properties and relative density of sodium channels in central neurons of susceptible and pyrethroid-resistant (Pyr-R) insects that were homozygous for the amino acid substitution(More)
Marked increases in the awareness, treatment, and control of high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol occurred among United States (US) adults from 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. An update to the Third Adult Treatment Panel guidelines was published in 2004, and it is unknown if these improvements have continued since the publication of these revised(More)
BACKGROUND The definition and prognostic utility of the metabolic syndrome remain controversial. Analyses in predominantly healthy populations suggest that the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition identifies more men with metabolic syndrome than the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria, with little difference among women. Whether the(More)
A retrospective analysis was performed on all five published clinical trials in which naftidrofuryl was given at a dosage of 600 mg daily. Two studies were undertaken in France, two in Germany, and one in Great Britain. Data for the analysis, which included the presence of risk factors, treadmill walking distances, and cardiovascular critical events that(More)
BACKGROUND We report in this paper the findings of a pooled analysis of 3 previously published studies undertaken in Germany, France and Belgium to assess the effects of naftidrofuryl on the quality of life of patients with intermittent claudication. METHODS A total of 754 patients were randomised in the 3 studies, 709 of whom (358 naftidrofuryl, 351(More)
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) may cause hypertension, progressive renal failure, and recurrent pulmonary edema. It typically occurs in high risk patients with coexistent vascular disease elsewhere. Most patients with ARAS are likely to die from coronary heart disease or stroke before end-stage renal failure occurs. Recent controlled trials(More)