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Progress in oncology drug development has been hampered by a lack of preclinical models that reliably predict clinical activity of novel compounds in cancer patients. In an effort to address these shortcomings, there has been a recent increase in the use of patient-derived tumour xenografts (PDTX) engrafted into immune-compromised rodents such as athymic(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein, a DNA binding protein that stabilizes nucleosomes and facilitates transcription, was recently identified as a late mediator of endotoxin lethality. High serum HMGB1 levels in patients with sepsis are associated with increased mortality, and administration of HMGB1 produces acute inflammation in animal models of(More)
PURPOSE Dysregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and Src signaling pathways commonly occur in colorectal cancer. Mutations in the PIK3CA gene are associated with an increase in severity of disease and worse clinical outcomes. Elevated levels of Src have been identified in premalignant lesions and are suggested to play a central role in tumor(More)
Although germline TP53 mutations have been identified in women with breast cancer from families meeting Li-Fraumeni criteria, their contribution to breast cancer per se is not well known, but is thought to be minimal. We aimed to determine the prevalence of germline TP53 mutations in subgroups of early-onset breast cancer. Germline TP53 mutation status was(More)
The ability of Campylobacter jejuni to penetrate normally nonphagocytic host cells is believed to be a key virulence determinant. Recently, kinetics of C. jejuni intracellular survival have been described and indicate that the bacterium can persist and multiply within epithelial cells and macrophages in vitro. Studies conducted by Pesci et al. indicate that(More)
Although phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-K) are known to participate in anti-apoptotic pathways, their importance in modulating neutrophil apoptosis in vivo has not been examined. In these studies, we used neutrophils from mice lacking the PI3-Kgamma isoform (PI3-Kgamma-/-) to determine the role that PI3-Kgamma occupies in neutrophil apoptosis under in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND A plethora of agents is in early stages of development for colorectal cancer (CRC), including those that target the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGFIR) pathway. In the current environment of numerous cancer targets, it is imperative that patient selection strategies be developed with the intent of preliminary testing in the latter(More)
PURPOSE There is growing evidence implicating the importance of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway in colorectal cancer based upon the results of population studies and preclinical experiments. However, the combination of an IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) inhibitor with standard colorectal cancer chemotherapies has not yet been evaluated. In this study,(More)
AIM To determine the phenotypic effects of belinostat (bel) and bortezomib (bor) against pancreatic cancer (PC) and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Antiproliferative effects were assessed using a sulforhodamine B assay. Synergy was evaluated using the Chou and Talalay method. Apoptosis was measured by caspase-3/-7 activity(More)
Despite the availability of several Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs, advanced inoperable colorectal cancer remains incurable. In this study, we focused on the development of combined molecular targeted therapies against colon cancer by testing the efficacy of the combination of the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat with the proteasome(More)