Learn More
The use of exogenously administered cholinesterases as bioscavengers of highly toxic organophosphorus nerve agents is a viable prophylactic against this threat. To use this strategy, cholinesterases must provide protection without disrupting behavior when administered alone. To assess behavioral safety, the acoustic startle reflex and prepulse inhibition(More)
Current antidotal regimens for organophosphorus compound (OP) poisoning consist of a combination of pretreatment with a spontaneously reactivating AChE inhibitor such as pyridostigmine bromide, and postexposure therapy with anticholinergic drugs such as atropine sulfate and oximes such as 2-PAM chloride (Gray, 1984). Although these antidotal regimens are(More)
Despite multiple advantages of the use of electric shock as an aversive stimulus, reasons exist for considering alternative aversive stimuli. In the present study, we examined and compared the acquisition of two-way shuttlebox avoidance with 275.8-kPa (40-psi) pulsed air and continuous 0.4-mA shock in two strains of mice commonly employed in targeted gene(More)
This study examined whether pro-2-PAM, a pro-drug dihydropyridine derivative of the oxime 2-pralidoxime (2-PAM) that can penetrate the brain, could prevent or reverse the central toxic effects of three nerve agents; sarin, cyclosarin, and VX. The first experiment tested whether pro-2-PAM could reactivate guinea pig cholinesterase (ChE) in vivo in central(More)
Potential deleterious behavioral effects of the anticholinergics biperiden and scopolamine were examined via the performance of rhesus monkeys on a serial-probe recognition (SPR) procedure. On each trial, six unique stimuli (list items) were presented sequentially followed by a choice phase. In the choice phase, two stimuli were presented, a standard or(More)
Huperzine A is potentially superior to pyridostigmine bromide as a pretreatment for nerve agent intoxication because it inhibits acetylcholinesterase both peripherally and centrally, unlike pyridostigmine, which acts only peripherally. Using rhesus monkeys, we evaluated the time course of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition following(More)
In the present study, we evaluated delayed treatment effects of the proteasome inhibitor and anti-inflammatory agent MLN519 (initiated 10 h post-injury) to improve recovery following ischemic brain injury in rodents. Male rats were exposed to 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) and treated with MLN519 (1.0 mg/kg, i.v. @ 10, 24, and 48 h(More)
OBJECTIVE To retrospectively review the management of adenocarcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix, to determine the outcome of conization versus hysterectomy, and to compare the results achieved by different methods of conization. METHODS We performed a retrospective pathology and chart review of 46 patients with cervical adenocarcinoma in situ from(More)
A serial-probe recognition task was used to assess the effects of midazolam on visual attention and short-term memory in three rhesus monkeys. On each trial, six unique alphanumeric sample stimuli (list items) were presented sequentially followed by a choice period. Choosing the 'probe' stimulus was correct if the probe matched one of the list items;(More)
It was previously demonstrated that diet potently modulates the toxic effects of an acute lethal dose of the nerve agent soman. The current investigation was undertaken to examine the influence of diet on the cumulative toxicity of repeated soman administration. Rats were fed one of four distinct diets (standard, choline-enriched, glucose-enriched, or(More)