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The switch 1 region of myosin forms a lid over the nucleotide phosphates as part of a structure known as the phosphate-tube. The homologous region in kinesin-family motors is more open, not interacting with the nucleotide. We used molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to examine a possible displacement of switch 1 of the microtubule motor, ncd, from the open(More)
We have used adenosine diphosphate analogs containing electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin moieties and EPR spectroscopy to show that the nucleotide-binding site of kinesin-family motors closes when the motor.diphosphate complex binds to microtubules. Structural analyses demonstrate that a domain movement in the switch 1 region at the nucleotide site,(More)
The open nucleotide pocket conformation of actin in the profilin:actinCaATP x-ray structure has been hypothesized to be a crucial intermediate for nucleotide exchange in the actin depolymerization/polymerization cycle. The requirement for ancillary modification of actin for crystallization leads to ambiguities in this interpretation, however. We have used(More)
A variety of biologically active small molecules contain prochiral tertiary amines, which become chiral centers upon protonation. S-nicotine, the prototypical nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist, produces two diastereomers on protonation. Results, using both classical (AMBER) and ab initio (Car-Parrinello) molecular dynamical studies, illustrate the(More)
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