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Many developments have occurred since the publication of the widely-used 2009 Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) Dyslipidemia guidelines. Here, we present an updated version of the guidelines, incorporating new recommendations based on recent findings and harmonizing CCS guidelines with those from other Societies. The Grading of Recommendations(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers of atherosclerosis may refine clinical decision making in individuals at risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of the study was to determine the prognostic significance of endothelial function and other vascular markers in apparently healthy men. METHODS AND RESULTS The cohort consisted of 1574 men (age, 49.4 years) free of(More)
Although it is known that the vasculatures of the brain and the forearm are sensitive to changes in arterial Pco(2), previous investigations have not made direct comparisons of the sensitivities of cerebral blood flow (CBF) (middle cerebral artery blood velocity associated with maximum frequency of Doppler shift; Vp) and brachial blood flow (BBF) to(More)
Forty-four patients with disabling writer's cramp (WC) and one with a musician's cramp were treated with botulinum toxin (BT) injections for a mean period of 12 (range, 3-48) months. The forearm muscles causing the dystonic position were identified by inspection while writing; BT was then administered under electromyographic (EMG) guidance. The degree of(More)
BACKGROUND Aging and physical inactivity are associated with declines in some cognitive domains and cerebrovascular function, as well as an elevated risk of cerebrovascular disease and other morbidities. With the increase in the number of sedentary older Canadians, promoting healthy brain aging is becoming an increasingly important population health issue.(More)
Wave-intensity analysis, which separates upstream from downstream events and defines their interaction, has been used to study the effects of changes in left ventricular (LV) contractility (E(max)) and left circumflex coronary artery resistance (R(LCx)) on the coronary systolic flow impediment (CSFI). In 10 anesthetized, open-chest dogs, we measured(More)
In 10 anesthetized dogs, we measured high-fidelity left circumflex coronary (P(LCx)), aortic (P(Ao)), and left ventricular (P(LV)) pressures and left circumflex velocity (U(LCx); Doppler) and used wave-intensity analysis (WIA) to identify the determinants of P(LCx) and U(LCx). Dogs were paced from the right atrium (control 1) or right ventricle by use of(More)