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In this paper we describe the search strategies developed for docking flexible molecules to macomolecular sites that are incorporated into the widely distributed DOCK software, version 4.0. The search strategies include incremental construction and random conformation search and utilize the existing Coulombic and Lennard-Jones grid-based scoring function.(More)
The DOCK program explores possible orientations of a molecule within a macromolecular active site by superimposing atoms onto precomputed site points. Here we compare a number of different search methods, including an exhaustive matching algorithm based on a single docking graph. We evaluate the performance of each method by screening a small database of(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of potent small molecule ligands to receptors and enzymes is one of the major goals of chemical and biological research. Two powerful new tools that can be used in these efforts are combinatorial chemistry and structure-based design. Here we address how to join these methods in a design protocol that produces libraries of(More)
A number of single-digit nanomolar, low-molecular-weight plasmepsin II aspartyl protease inhibitors have been identified using combinatorial chemistry and structure-based design. By identifying multiple, small-molecule inhibitors using the parallel synthesis of several focused libraries, it was possible to select for compounds with desirable characteristics(More)
We present a set of programs, DREAM+2 (Docking and Reaction programs using Efficient seArch Methods written in C++), for docking computationally generated ligands into macromolecular binding sites. DREAM++ is composed of three programs: ORIENT++, REACT++ and SEARCH++. The program ORIENT++ positions molecules in a binding site with the DOCK algorithm. Its(More)
Geometric descriptors are becoming popular tools for encoding molecular shape, for use in database screening and clustering calculations. They provide condensed representations of complex objects and, as a consequence, can usually be compared quite rapidly. Here we present a number of new descriptors and methods for the quantification of molecular shape(More)
We have developed a strategy for efficiently docking a large combinatorial library into a target receptor. For each scaffold orientation, all potential fragments are attached to the scaffold, their interactions with the receptor are individually scored and factorial combinations of fragments are constructed. To test its effectiveness, this approach is(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic is an important medical problem. Although combination drug regimens have produced dramatic decreases in viral load, current therapies do not provide a cure for HIV infection. We have used structure-based design and combinatorial medicinal chemistry to identify potent and selective HIV-1 reverse transcriptase(More)
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