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- Xiaoyu Zheng, Howon Lee, +10 authors Christopher M Spadaccini
- Science
- 2014

The mechanical properties of ordinary materials degrade substantially with reduced density because their structural elements bend under applied load. We report a class of microarchitected materials that maintain a nearly constant stiffness per unit mass density, even at ultralow density. This performance derives from a network of nearly isotropic microscale… (More)

- Xiaoyu Zheng, Joshua Deotte, +6 authors Christopher M Spadaccini
- The Review of scientific instruments
- 2012

The rapid manufacture of complex three-dimensional micro-scale components has eluded researchers for decades. Several additive manufacturing options have been limited by either speed or the ability to fabricate true three-dimensional structures. Projection micro-stereolithography (PμSL) is a low cost, high throughput additive fabrication technique capable… (More)

- John F Regan, Anthony J Makarewicz, +9 authors John M Dzenitis
- Analytical chemistry
- 2008

We have developed and field-tested a now operational civilian biodefense capability that continuously monitors the air in high-risk locations for biological threat agents. This stand-alone instrument, called the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS), collects and selectively concentrates particles from the air into liquid samples and analyzes the… (More)

The developing turbulent region of a round jet was investigated using an improved implementation of digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV). The two-dimensional flow field in planes normal and parallel to the axial velocity was measured at locations between 15 and 30 diameters downstream, for two Reynolds numbers of 5500 and 16,000. The study consisted of… (More)

- E K Wheeler, W Benett, +9 authors F Milanovich
- Analytical chemistry
- 2004

We have fabricated a low-cost disposable polymerase chain reaction thermal chamber that uses buoyancy forces to move the sample solution between the different temperatures necessary for amplification. Three-dimensional, unsteady finite element modeling and a simpler 1-D steady-state model are used together with digital particle image velocimetry data to… (More)

- Yu Zhang, Aleksandar Donev, Todd Weisgraber, Berni J Alder, Michael D Graham, Juan J de Pablo
- The Journal of chemical physics
- 2009

We study the cyclic dynamics of a single polymer tethered to a hard wall in shear flow using Brownian dynamics, the lattice Boltzmann method, and a recent stochastic event-driven molecular dynamics algorithm. We focus on the dynamics of the free end (last bead) of the tethered chain and we examine the cross-correlation function and power spectral density of… (More)

- Xiaoyu Zheng, William Smith, +8 authors Christopher M Spadaccini
- Nature materials
- 2016

Materials with three-dimensional micro- and nanoarchitectures exhibit many beneficial mechanical, energy conversion and optical properties. However, these three-dimensional microarchitectures are significantly limited by their scalability. Efforts have only been successful only in demonstrating overall structure sizes of hundreds of micrometres, or contain… (More)

- Stephen M. Guzik, Todd H. Weisgraber, Phillip Colella, Berni J. Alder
- J. Comput. Physics
- 2014

A conservative lattice-Boltzmann method is presented for solving the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations at low Mach numbers on lattices that are adaptively refined in space and time. A method for coupling the interfaces between grids at different resolutions was constructed following techniques established for finite-volume computational fluid dynamics… (More)

- A. Maiti, W. Small, +7 authors T. S. Wilson
- Scientific reports
- 2016

3D printing of polymeric foams by direct-ink-write is a recent technological breakthrough that enables the creation of versatile compressible solids with programmable microstructure, customizable shapes, and tunable mechanical response including negative elastic modulus. However, in many applications the success of these 3D printed materials as a viable… (More)